Gene immunization can be an effective vaccine strategy eliciting both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. We constructed plasmid vectors expressing the full-length Vnukovo-32 rabies virus glycoprotein G under the control of CMV IE promoter and enhancer, adenovirus tripartite leader sequences and poly A signal of SV40. The gene vaccines were evaluated for the ability to elicit neutralizing antibodies and to protect BALB/c mice against lethal rabies virus challenge. First, mice were injected intramuscularly (i.m.) into the left hind leg and by the intradermoplantar (i.d.p.) route with equal amounts of plasmid DNA (0.25-0.1 mg). Two weeks later, immunization was boosted with an additional dose of the DNA. The immunized mice were challenged by intracerebral (i.c.) inoculation of CVS-27 (10-50 LD50) rabies virus. All mice produced anti-rabies virus neutralizing antibodies with a titre of ≥ 1:45 after immunization with 0.1-0.4 mg of DNA. In challenge experiments, 83 to 91.6% protection was observed. These results confirm that a DNA vaccine could be a simple and effective solution for preventing the spread of rabies.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Acta veterinaria Hungarica|
|Publication status||Published - dec. 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas