Gender- and age-dependent changes in nucleoside levels in the cerebral cortex and white matter of the human brain

Z. Kovács, G. Juhász, A. Dobolyi, Mátyás Bobest, Vilmos Papp, Lajos Takáts, K. Kékesi

Research output: Article

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nucleosides are neuromodulators that participate in various neuronal functions in the brain. In previous studies, we described regional differences in the concentrations of nucleosides and their derivatives in the human brain. To better understand the functions of nucleosides in the central nervous system, we investigated gender- and age-dependent changes in the levels of nucleosides and their metabolites. The concentrations of uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine as well as uracil, hypoxanthine and xanthine were measured in the frontal cortex and white matter of post-mortem brain tissue samples of middle-aged and old men as well as women. The average in vivo concentrations calculated from the 40 samples investigated (regardless of anatomical locations, gender or age; mean ± S.E.M.) were as follows (pmol/mg wet tissue weight): 9.7 ± 0.8 adenosine, 85.8 ± 3.9 inosine, 14.3 ± 0.9 guanosine, 37.3 ± 1.8 uridine, 8.9 ± 0.6 uracil, 63.3 ± 2.1 hypoxanthine and 38.7 ± 1.5 xanthine. We conclude that concentration differences between uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine in the frontal cortex and cerebral white matter suggest that nucleoside metabolism is altered with aging and regulated differently between men and women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-584
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - ápr. 5 2010

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Nucleosides
Cerebral Cortex
Inosine
Guanosine
Uridine
Adenosine
Brain
Hypoxanthine
Xanthine
Uracil
Frontal Lobe
Neurotransmitter Agents
Central Nervous System
White Matter
Weights and Measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Gender- and age-dependent changes in nucleoside levels in the cerebral cortex and white matter of the human brain",
abstract = "Nucleosides are neuromodulators that participate in various neuronal functions in the brain. In previous studies, we described regional differences in the concentrations of nucleosides and their derivatives in the human brain. To better understand the functions of nucleosides in the central nervous system, we investigated gender- and age-dependent changes in the levels of nucleosides and their metabolites. The concentrations of uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine as well as uracil, hypoxanthine and xanthine were measured in the frontal cortex and white matter of post-mortem brain tissue samples of middle-aged and old men as well as women. The average in vivo concentrations calculated from the 40 samples investigated (regardless of anatomical locations, gender or age; mean ± S.E.M.) were as follows (pmol/mg wet tissue weight): 9.7 ± 0.8 adenosine, 85.8 ± 3.9 inosine, 14.3 ± 0.9 guanosine, 37.3 ± 1.8 uridine, 8.9 ± 0.6 uracil, 63.3 ± 2.1 hypoxanthine and 38.7 ± 1.5 xanthine. We conclude that concentration differences between uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine in the frontal cortex and cerebral white matter suggest that nucleoside metabolism is altered with aging and regulated differently between men and women.",
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T1 - Gender- and age-dependent changes in nucleoside levels in the cerebral cortex and white matter of the human brain

AU - Kovács, Z.

AU - Juhász, G.

AU - Dobolyi, A.

AU - Bobest, Mátyás

AU - Papp, Vilmos

AU - Takáts, Lajos

AU - Kékesi, K.

PY - 2010/4/5

Y1 - 2010/4/5

N2 - Nucleosides are neuromodulators that participate in various neuronal functions in the brain. In previous studies, we described regional differences in the concentrations of nucleosides and their derivatives in the human brain. To better understand the functions of nucleosides in the central nervous system, we investigated gender- and age-dependent changes in the levels of nucleosides and their metabolites. The concentrations of uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine as well as uracil, hypoxanthine and xanthine were measured in the frontal cortex and white matter of post-mortem brain tissue samples of middle-aged and old men as well as women. The average in vivo concentrations calculated from the 40 samples investigated (regardless of anatomical locations, gender or age; mean ± S.E.M.) were as follows (pmol/mg wet tissue weight): 9.7 ± 0.8 adenosine, 85.8 ± 3.9 inosine, 14.3 ± 0.9 guanosine, 37.3 ± 1.8 uridine, 8.9 ± 0.6 uracil, 63.3 ± 2.1 hypoxanthine and 38.7 ± 1.5 xanthine. We conclude that concentration differences between uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine in the frontal cortex and cerebral white matter suggest that nucleoside metabolism is altered with aging and regulated differently between men and women.

AB - Nucleosides are neuromodulators that participate in various neuronal functions in the brain. In previous studies, we described regional differences in the concentrations of nucleosides and their derivatives in the human brain. To better understand the functions of nucleosides in the central nervous system, we investigated gender- and age-dependent changes in the levels of nucleosides and their metabolites. The concentrations of uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine as well as uracil, hypoxanthine and xanthine were measured in the frontal cortex and white matter of post-mortem brain tissue samples of middle-aged and old men as well as women. The average in vivo concentrations calculated from the 40 samples investigated (regardless of anatomical locations, gender or age; mean ± S.E.M.) were as follows (pmol/mg wet tissue weight): 9.7 ± 0.8 adenosine, 85.8 ± 3.9 inosine, 14.3 ± 0.9 guanosine, 37.3 ± 1.8 uridine, 8.9 ± 0.6 uracil, 63.3 ± 2.1 hypoxanthine and 38.7 ± 1.5 xanthine. We conclude that concentration differences between uridine, inosine, guanosine and adenosine in the frontal cortex and cerebral white matter suggest that nucleoside metabolism is altered with aging and regulated differently between men and women.

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