A gastroparesis és kezelésének lehetoségei

Research output: Article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastroparesis is a disorder of gastric emptying that occurs in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Its cardinal features include nausea, vomiting, bloating, early satiety and discomfort. Weight loss, dehydration, electrolyte disturbances and malnutrition may develop in severe cases. The majority of cases is idiopathic, long standing diabetes mellitus is responsible for about 25-30% of cases. Diabetic gastroparesis may render glucose control extremely difficult, its treatment represents a major challenge. Besides frequent, small meals and psychological support, several drug options are available, however, their efficacy is limited and only a few randomized studies have been performed to date. Prokinetic agents (erythromycin, domperidon, metoclopramid) and antiemetics (phenotiazines, serotonin antagonists, butyrophenons) are the most wide-spread medicaments. Among the novel, recently developed agents, 5-HT4 serotonin receptor agonists and dopamin D2 receptor antagonists are the most promising. Injection of botulinum toxin into the pyloric sphincter resulted in faster gastric emptying and symptom alleviation in some studies. Gastric electric stimulation appears to be one of the most effective options, both low and high-frequency stimulation may alleviate symptoms. Gastrostomy/ jejunostomy and other surgical interventions are considered as "last resort".

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)393-398
Number of pages6
JournalOrvosi hetilap
Volume149
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - márc. 2 2008

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Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Electric stimulation
  • Gastroparesis
  • Prokinetic agent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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