The cellular homeostasis of lymphoid tissues is determined by the continuous interactions of mobile hematopoietic cells within specialized microenvironments created by sessile stromal cells. In contrast to the lymph nodes and mucosal lymphoid tissues with well-defined entry and exit routes, the movement of leukocytes in the peritoneal cavity is largely unknown. In this study, we report that, in addition to the omental milky spots and fat-associated lymphoid clusters, in mice, the serous surface of the mesenteric adipose streaks contains lymphocyte-rich organoids comprised of a highly compacted leaf-like part connected to the adipose tissue that can also efficiently bind B cells and high-grade B cell lymphoma (diffuse large B cell lymphoma) cells. Denoted as foliate lymphoid aggregates (FLAgs), these structures show incomplete T/B segregation and a partially differentiated stromal architecture. LYVE-1–positive macrophages covering FLAgs efficiently bind i.p. injected normal B cells as well as different types of diffuse large B cell lymphoma cells. Within FLAgs, the lymphocytes compartmentalize according to their chemokine receptor pattern and subsequently migrate toward the mesenteric lymph nodes via the mesenteric lymphatic capillaries. The blood supply of FLAgs includes short vascular segments displaying peripheral lymph node addressin, and the extravasation of lymphocytes to the omental and mesenteric adipose tissues is partly mediated by L-selectin. The appearance of i.p. injected cells in mesenteric lymph nodes suggests that the mesentery-associated lymphatics may also collect leukocytes from the fat-associated lymphoid clusters and FLAgs, thus combining the mucosal and serous exit of mobile leukocytes and increasing the range of drainage sites for the peritoneal expansion of lymphoid malignancies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy