Following transganglionic degenerative atrophy of primary afferent terminals induced by a crush-injury of the sciatic nerve, a regenerative process takes places in the upper dorsal horn of the lumbar spinal cord in the primate Macacus rhesus. Axonal growth cones are characterized by cisterns of axoplasmic reticulum; filopodia emanating from growth cones are electron-optically translucent sheet-like expansions, often containing growth-cone vesicles. Axoplasmic reticulum appears also in preterminal portions of regenerating axons. Dendritic growth cones contain a fine, filamentous matrix; electron-dense membrane specializations can be seen in well-defined areas of their surfaces. Immature synapses are formed between filopodia of axonal growth cones and dendritic growth cones. Electron-microscopic structures of this unique CNS regeneration are similar to those seen in the course of embryonic development of the spinal cord.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology