The rare-earth bentonites were prepared from Ca-bentonite by suspending Ca-bentonite in rare-earth (Ce, La, Y) perchlorate solution. 57Fe Mössbauer spectra of rare earth montmorillonites before heat treatments showed a doublet envelop at room temperature, reflecting dominantly Fe3+ assigned to (cis) octahedral site in the montmorillonite. At the same time, the 80 K spectra of these rare-earth exchanged montmorillonites revealed an additional magnetically split component, too, associated with iron atoms intercalated in the interlayer space. In the case of heat treated samples (250 °C, 360 °C and 500 °C for 4 h), a new doublet component associated with Fe3+ at trans octahedral site, appeared in both the 295 K and 80 K Mössbauer spectra. Powder X-ray diffractometry (XRD) measurements of the heat treated rare earth montmorillonites revealed that a gradual mineral phase transformation of montmorillonite to muscovite occurred upon the applied heat treatments, being consistent with the completing electron magnetic resonance (EMR) and Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS) results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry