Fast optical method for characterizing plasmonic nanoparticle adhesion on functionalized surfaces

László Mérai, László Janovák, Dániel Sándor Kovács, Imre Szenti, Lívia Vásárhelyi, Ákos Kukovecz, Imre Dékány, Zoltán Kónya, Dániel Sebők

Research output: Article


In this paper, a rapid optical method for characterizing plasmonic (gold) nanoparticle (AuNP) adhesion is presented. Two different methods were used for AuNP preparation: the well-known Turkevich method resulted in particles with negative surface charge; for preparing AuNPs with positive surface charge, stainless steel was used as reducing agent. The solid surface for adhesion was provided by a column packed with pristine or surface-modified glass beads. The size of the nanoparticles was studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS); the surface charge of the components was determined by streaming potential measurements. The characterization of adhesion was performed in a flow system by UV-Vis spectroscopy. During the adhesion experiments, the role of the surface charge, the particle size, and the pH were studied, as well as the adhered amount of gold nanoparticles and the surface coverage values. The latter was estimated by theoretical calculations and defined by the quotient of the measured and the maximal adhered amount of nanoparticles, which could be determined by the cross-sectional area of the NPs and the specific surface area of the glass beads. The results are verified by the polarization reflectometric interference spectroscopy (PRIfS) method: silica nanoparticles with diameters of a few hundred (d~450) nanometers were immobilized on the surface of glass substrate by the Langmuir–Blodgett method, the surface was modified similar to the 3D (continuous flow packed column) system, and gold nanoparticles from different pH solutions were adhered during the measurements. These kinds of modified surfaces allow the investigation of biomolecule adsorption in the same reflectometric setup. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3395-3404
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical and bioanalytical chemistry
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - máj. 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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