Factors affecting quality of life in Hungarian adults with epilepsy: A comparison of four psychiatric instruments

Daniella Kováts, Noémi Császár, József Haller, Vera Juhos, Viola Sallay, Judit Békés, Anna Kelemen, Dániel Fabó, György Rásonyi, András Folyovich, Tamás Kurimay

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Abstract

Purpose We investigated the impact of 19 factors on life quality in Hungarian patients with epilepsy. Wellbeing was evaluated by several inventories to investigate the impact of factors in more detail. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in 170 patients. Wellbeing was evaluated with the WHO-5 Well-being Index (WHOQOL-5), Diener Satisfaction with Life Scale (SwLS), and the Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 Questionnaire (Qolie-31). We investigated their association with demographic characteristics, general health status, epilepsy, and its treatment. The impact of these factors on illness perception (Illness Perception Questionnaire, IPQ) was also studied. Results The four measures correlated highly significantly. In addition, the predictive power of factors was comparable with the four inventories as evaluated by Multiple Regression. Factors explained 52%, 41%, 63% and 46% in the variance of WHOQOL-5, SwLS, Qolie-31, and IPQ scores, respectively. However, associations with particular factors were instrument-specific. The WHOQOL-5 was associated with factors indicative of general health. SwLS scores were associated with health-related and several demographic factors. Neither showed associations with epilepsy-related factors. All four categories of factors were associated with Qolie-31 and IPQ scores. Factors had an additive impact on IPQ, but not on Qolie-31. Significance Our findings reveal interactions between the method of life quality assessment and the factors that are identified as influencing life quality. This appears to be the first study that analyses the factors that influence illness perception in epilepsy patients, and suggests that the IPQ may become a valuable tool in epilepsy research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-58
Number of pages14
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Kováts, D., Császár, N., Haller, J., Juhos, V., Sallay, V., Békés, J., Kelemen, A., Fabó, D., Rásonyi, G., Folyovich, A., & Kurimay, T. (2017). Factors affecting quality of life in Hungarian adults with epilepsy: A comparison of four psychiatric instruments. Epilepsy and Behavior, 74, 45-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.04.035