Darb-Esfahani S, Sinn B V, Weichert W, Budczies J, Lehmann A, Noske A, Buckendahl A-C, Müller B M, Sehouli J, Koensgen D, Györffy B, Dietel M & Denkert C (2010) Histopathology 56. 727-739 Expression of classical NF-κB pathway effectors in human ovarian carcinoma Aims: Functional studies have demonstrated that nuclear factor (NF)-κB promotes tumour progression in ovarian cancer cells. However, surprisingly little is known of the expression of effectors of the NF-κB pathway in human ovarian cancer in vivo. Methods and results: Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization revealed that in a cohort of 85 primary ovarian carcinomas, total p65 expression was inversely correlated to nuclear and cytoplasmic phospho-IκBβ (P = 0.002 and P = 0.05, respectively), and IκBβ mRNAexpression (P = 0.032). In contrast, phospho-p65 expression was paralleled by the expression of nuclear (P = 0.027) and cytoplasmic phospho-IκBβ (P = 0.01). Total p65 expression was an adverse prognostic factor for overall survival (P = 0.018). In contrast, total IκBβ and phosphorylated nuclear and cytoplasmic IκBβ expression were favourable prognostic markers (P = 0.001, P = 0.031, P = 0.001, respectively). Cytoplasmic phospho-IκBβ expression remained a significant prognostic factor on multivariate analysis (P = 0.010). In cultured, stimulated OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cells the cytoplasmic retranslocation of p65 was delayed by inhibition of the nuclear membrane transporter chromosomal region maintenance/exportin1 protein (CRM1). A positive association of p65 and CRM1 expression was demonstrated in ovarian cancer tissue (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Total and phosphorylated IκBβ protein expression might serve as markers for NF-κB activation in human ovarian carcinoma. Cytoplasmic localization of p65 may be related to deregulated nucleocytoplasmic transport in carcinomas overexpressing CRM1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine