Objective. To report the efficacy and safety of TNF-α inhibitors (etanercept and adalimumab) in a cohort of patients with JIA treated in a single paediatric rheumatological centre. Methods. Patients with JIA under the age of 18 years, treated with TNF-α blockers at the Paediatric Rheumatologic Centre of the National Institute of Rheumatology and Physiotherapy (Budapest, Hungary) from 2002, were enrolled in an open, observational study. At baseline, patient and disease characteristics were registered. Disease activity was evaluated (before the start of the treatment and after every 3 months) according to the JIA core set of the ACR paediatric definition of improvement (ACR Pedi). Adverse events (AEs) were documented. Results. In all, 72 patients were evaluated. Mean (S.D.) age at onset was 5.5 (3.8) years, mean disease duration was 7.4 (3.9) years. All disease activity parameters improved significantly in the first 3 months of treatment. After 3 and 12 months of treatment, 88 and 76% of patients, respectively, achieved the criteria of the ACR Pedi 30. AEs were uncommon. After 12 months, >85% of patients continued the therapy. Conclusion. Anti-TNF-α agents (etanercept and adalimumab) are effective, safe and well tolerated in JIA patients. Extension of this study for a longer follow-up period and to the patients with JIA after the age of 18 years (with validated and comparable disease activity parameters) is needed to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of the TNF-α inhibitors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)