We investigated the role of the inducible isoform of cyclooxygenase (COX-2) in a rat model of periodontitis using a selective COX-2 inhibitor NS-398. Periodontitis was produced by a silk ligature placed around the lower left 1st molar. Animals were treated with NS-398 (3 mg kg-1 i.p., 2 times per day for 7 days) or vehicle. At Day 8, the gingivomucosal tissues encircling the mandibular 1st molars were removed on both sides for COX-2 immunohistochemistry, measurement of plasma extravasation by the Evans blue technique, and alveolar bone loss by videomicroscopy. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed numerous strongly COX-2-positive cells in the subepithelial tissues in the ligated side and only a few COX-2-reactive cells in the contralateral (control) side. Ligation significantly increased Evans blue extravasation in the gingivomucosal tissue and alveolar bone destruction compared to the control side. NS-398 treatment significantly reduced the plasma extravasation and alveolar bone resorption of the ligated side compared to vehicle administration. The present results suggest that COX-2 is induced by periodontitis, and plays an important role in gingival inflammation and alveolar bone destruction. In a previous study (Br J Pharmacol 1998;123:353-60) we found the expression of the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase in this model. Therefore, based on our own data and the literature, we propose that selective inhibition of these inducible enzymes might be a basis for adjunctive therapy, or new therapeutic approaches in periodontitis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)