Evaluation of the effect of Lake Hévíz thermal mineral water in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized, controlled, single-blind, follow-up study

Kulisch, Benkö, A. Bergmann, N. Gyarmati, J. Horváth, Kránicz, Z. S. Mándó, Matán, A. Németh, E. Szakál, D. Szántó, L. Szekeres, T. Bender

Research output: Article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Osteoarthritis is the most frequent joint disease and is a leading cause of pain and locomotor disability in elderly people. The treatment of osteoarthritis includes non-pharmacological, pharmacological, and surgical therapies. Silver level evidence has been found concerning balneotherapy in osteoarthritis. Aim of the study. The aim of this study was to evaluate how Lake Hévíz thermal mineral water therapy influences pain, knee function, and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis, compared to the control group. Study design. randomized, controlled, single-blind, follow-up study. Setting. Spa Hévíz and St. Andrew Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases Population. This study included 77 outpatients between 45 and 75 years of age with mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the knee meeting the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria. Methods. Patients were randomized into two groups. In group I (n=38), subjects bathed in Lake Hévíz and in group II (N.=39), patients were treated in a pool full of tap water. Water temperature was 34°C for both groups. Participants underwent 30-minute therapy sessions, five times a week for three weeks. Outcome measures were pain visual analogue scale scores, active flexion degree, knee circumference, stair-climb time, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), and EuroQoL Group 5-Dimension Self-Report Questionnaire score (EQ-5D). Study parameters were recorded at baseline, immediately after treatment, and after 15 weeks. Results. Comparison of the two groups revealed a statistically significant difference in pain visual analogue scale scores (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-381
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume50
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - aug. 1 2014

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Kulisch, Benkö, Bergmann, A., Gyarmati, N., Horváth, J., Kránicz, Mándó, Z. S., Matán, Németh, A., Szakál, E., Szántó, D., Szekeres, L., & Bender, T. (2014). Evaluation of the effect of Lake Hévíz thermal mineral water in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized, controlled, single-blind, follow-up study. European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 50(4), 373-381.