Evaluation of fields and field margins in nature production capacity with special regard to plant protection

J. Kiss, K. Penksza, F. Tóth, F. Kádár

Research output: Article

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biotic diversity in rural areas is one of the key points of sustainable agriculture and rural development. Biotic diversity and species restoration are closely connected with habitats and thus plant cover diversity. Hungarian agriculture is in a state of transition towards market oriented production and development. Changes in property rights, farm size, land use and the greater importance of environmental issues demand new approaches for plant protection and habitat evaluation. In our study some examples will be given showing the importance both of fields and field margins and about their contribution to plant protection and nature production. Plant species and predators (carabids, spiders) were studied in winter wheat fields and in the field margins. Evidence was found of the importance of the field margin for the number and composition of plant species. Parallel to this, carabids and spiders (as significant predators) were studied. For both carabids and spiders, species number and diversity were significantly higher in field margins compared with fields. The species distribution of carabids among these two different habitats, however, indicates that some species are typical 'field species'. Thus, proper management of both habitats is necessary so that they may contribute to biotic diversity. A possible evaluation of the contribution of habitats to native flora and fauna is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-232
Number of pages6
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume62
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - jún. 1 1997

Fingerprint

field margin
edge effects
plant protection
Araneae
spider
habitat
habitats
predators
property rights
botanical composition
farm size
predator
rural development
habitat conservation
ground cover plants
sustainable agriculture
market transition
rural areas
alternative agriculture
winter wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Evaluation of fields and field margins in nature production capacity with special regard to plant protection. / Kiss, J.; Penksza, K.; Tóth, F.; Kádár, F.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 62, No. 2-3, 01.06.1997, p. 227-232.

Research output: Article

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