A hepatitis C-vírus epidemiológiája, a fertozés átvitelének lehetoségei

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Abstract

The medical impact of hepatitis C (HCV) is significant worldwide. The main consequences are chronic hepatic injury, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma formation. The estimated global prevalence is 3% with 180 million infected people worldwide. The prevalence <1% in Hungary. The prevalence increased between 1990 and 2005 in East Asia, Western Europe, and West sub-Saharan Africa. There is characteristic geographical distribution of the main HCV genotypes. The mode of transmission can not be identified of 40% of cases. The most frequent transmission is the intravénás drug injection in the developed countries, and unsafe health procedures in developing countries. The sensitive, nucleic acid amplification testing, identification of high-risk groups, development of vaccination would help the HCV prevalence in the future.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)253-257
Number of pages5
JournalLege Artis Medicinae
Volume24
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Genotypes
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Prevalence
  • Transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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