Objective - Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), which produces NO, plays an important role in the endothelial function under a wide range of physiological conditions. eNOS exon 7 polymorphism (Glu298Asp, G894T) has been considered to influence the risk of coronary artery disease. Alone, however, it has not been shown to be a genetic risk factor for ischaemic stroke. With the assumption of additive interactions, we examined whether the eNOS G894T or eNOS 894TT genotypes in combination with the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677TT (MTHFR 677TT) or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) D/D genotype could contribute to acute ischaemic stroke. Material and methods - The data on 407 consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke who had never suffered a previous stroke event were analysed. As a control group, 295 stroke and neuroimaging alteration-free Caucasian subjects were examined. With the use of the PCR technique, the eNOS G894T, eNOS 894TT, MTHFR 677TT and ACE D/D mutations, as unfavourable common genotypes were determined in the participants. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the roles of the genotypes and their combinations in the development of ischaemic stroke. Results - The MTHFR C677TT genotype combined with the eNOS G894T or eNOS 894TT genotypes occurred significantly more frequently in the subjects with ischaemic stroke (7.1%; P < 0.025) than in the control group (3.1%). The co-occurrence of the ACE D/D genotype and eNOS G894T or eNOS 894TT was calculated to be more frequent in the ischaemic stroke group (20.9%, P < 0.0001) than in the control group (5.4%). Conclusion - The eNOS G894T or eNOS 894TT genotypes in combination with the MTHFR 677TT or ACE D/D genotype increases the risk of ischaemic stroke.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology