We studied the element composition of wild-grown Rosa canina L. and Rubus fruticosus L. fruits at a derelict lead-zinc ore mine in North-Hungary. Whole rosehips and Rubus berries were collected from seriously contaminated vs. background spots and analyzed according to standard lab procedures. The species differed in all focal elements except Ba and S. Rubus berries in general were richer in most macro-and microelements, particularly of Mn, Ca, Cu, Sn, Zn, Fe and Ni. The sampling site had a significant effect on all elements except Ca, Cu and Se. Rosehips had very low Cd (< 0.08), As (< 0.12), Pb (< 1.63) concentrations (mg kg -1 dw). Ba, Cd, Mn, Ni and Sn were found to accumulate consistently in both species' fruits at the contaminated sites. The element composition of entire fruits was shown to be an inadequate indicator of elevated heavy metal levels in the soil in a situation where marked acidification associated with pyrite oxidization is an important process.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science