We analyze a diamond chain containing itinerant electrons interacting via local on-site Coulomb interaction by a method based on positive semidefinite operators. The constant external magnetic field is taken into account by Peierls phase factor terms in the kinetic energy part of the Hamiltonian. We deduced exact ground states containing linear and bilinear combinations of fermionic creation operators acting on the vacuum state for arbitrary strong Hubbard repulsion. Physically, the linear solutions can be nonmagnetic and ferromagnetic, while the bilinear solutions, which mean electron-pairs, can only be non-magnetic.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics