Action potential configuration and electrical restitution were studied in diseased human ventricular muscle by comparing the characteristics of hypertrophic (HYP) and dilated (DIL) human ventricular preparations. Conventional microelectrode techniques were used to evaluate action potentials evoked at increasingly longer diastolic intervals. The steady-state action potential duration (APD90) was significantly longer in DIL than in HYP preparations (393 ± 5 ms, n = 4 and 296 ± 11 ms, n = 4, respectively; P < 0.001, mean ± SEM). In the dilated preparations studied at long diastolic intervals, the initial period of rapid repolarization (phase 1) was absent, and the rate of final repolarization (phase 3) was reduced. Electrical restitution relations in these preparations were fitted as the sum of two exponentials. The time constant of the fast component was significantly longer in DIL than in HYP preparations (242 ± 9 ms and 121 ± 4 ms, respectively; P < 0.001). No difference was observed in the time constants for the slow component of restitution in the two groups. Electrical restitution was also studied in single human ventricular myocytes by using patch clamp techniques. The initial 600 ms period of restitution was fitted in these cells to a monoexponential function. The time constant for this period of the restitution relation was significantly longer, while the estimated amplitude of this early rising phase was significantly lower in human cells obtained from DIL hearts than the respective parameters obtained in the healthy canine and guinea pig cells also examined. The observed changes in the restitution kinetics of the dilated human heart are, likely, the consequence of alterations in the ionic currents that underlie the cardiac action potential.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - júl. 1996|
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