Effects of selective cholecystokinin antagonists L364,718 and L365,260 on food intake in rats

Roger D. Reidelberger, Gabor Varga, Travis E. Solomon

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The selective type A and B cholecystokinin (CCK) receptor antagonists L364,718 and L365,260 were used to identify the receptor subtype that mediates the satiety effect of endogenous CCK. Male rats (n = 12-13/group), fed ground rat chow ad lib, received L364,718 (0, 1, 10, 100, or 1000 μg/kg IP) or L365,260 (0, 0.1, 1, 10, 100, 1000, or 10,000 μg/kg IP) 2 h after lights off, and food intake was measured 1.5, 3.5, and 5.5 h later. L364,718 significantly stimulated 1.5-h food intake by more than 40% at 10 μg/kg and higher doses; cumulative intake at 3.5 and 5.5 h remained elevated by about 20% at 1000 and 100 μg/kg of L364,718, respectively. In contrast, L365,260 had no significant stimulatory effect on feeding at any dose. The potency of L365,260 for antagonizing gastrin-stimulated gastric acid secretion was examined in unanesthetized rats. Male rats (n = 14), prepared with gastric and jugular vein cannulas, received doubling doses of gastrin (G-17I) (0.16-5 nmol/kg/h IV), each dose for 30 min, and gastric juice was collected for each 30-min period. G-17I stimulated gastric acid output dose dependently; the minimal effective dose was 0.16 nmol/kg/h, while maximal output (5-fold above basal) occurred at 5 nmol/kg/h. L365,260 (0, 1, 10, 100, 1000, or 10,000 μg/kg IV), administered 30 min before continuous infusion of G-17I (1.25 or 5 nmol/kg/h), significantly inhibited acid output only at 10,000 μg/kg; cumulative 60-min output was decreased by 60%. These results suggest that CCK acts at CCK-A receptors to produce satiety during the dark period in ad lib-feeding rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1221
Number of pages7
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - jan. 1 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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