The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effects of in vivo 1800 MHz GSM-like exposure on male reproduction. In five separate experiments, male NMRI mice (35-41 g) were exposed (11-12 mice each) to 1800 MHz GSM-like radiation. The average power density was 100 μW/cm2, the estimated SAR was 0.018-0.023 W/kg. The animals were exposed ten times (over two weeks on workdays) and the duration of exposure was 2 h/day. On the day of the last treatment, mice were anesthetized with i.p. pentobarbital, and blood samples were taken for hematology, serum chemistry and serum testosterone (T) determinations (ELISA). Testicles, epididymes, adrenals, prostates and pituitary glands were removed for histology. One testicle of each animal was used for culture of Leydig cells. The cells were cultured for 48 h in the presence or absence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to evaluate the in vitro steroidogenic response of Leydig cells. In the exposed animals red blood cell count (RBC: 8.59±0.10 T/l, n=37) and volume of packed red cells (VPRC: 42.29±0.43%, n=37) were significantly higher (p<0.01) compared with the controls (RBC: 8.12±0.08 T/l, n=36; VPRC: 39.76±0.36%, n=36). The serum testosterone level of the exposed animals (7.85±1.08 ng/ml, n=56) was also significantly elevated (p<0.05) compared to the controls (5.12±0.79, n=52), while the in vitro steroidogenic capacity of the Leydig cells was unaltered. No significant differences in the other investigated variables were found between controls and exposed mice. Our results indicate that the applied GSM-like microwave exposure may induce slight, but statistically significant alterations in some hematological and endocrine parameters of male mice within the physiological range. Further investigations are required to establish the biological significance of these phenomena.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - dec. 1 2005|
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