In surgical pathophysiology ischemia-reperfusion, inflammatory processes, sepsis, vascular interventions, tissue trauma, shock, all mean conditions in which hemorheological parameters show alterations. Despite of numerous clinical and experimental studies, the in vivo hemorheology is not completely understood yet, and several fundamental questions still need to be answered. Investigating these issues, experimental surgical models are important, in point of view of the translational research as well. In this paper we aimed to make an attempt on summarizing the possible factors and conditions that might have an effect on hemorheological results in experimental surgical studies. Hemorheological parameters show alterations in surgical pathophysiological processes in a complex way. However, the changes are dominantly non-specific. Standardized experimental conditions, related to the experimental animal (species, animal welfare) anesthesia-medications, operation, sampling and, if applicable, conditions of the postoperative period, are inevitable for a safe assessment of valuable (hemorheological) results. Parallel investigations - such as microcirculatory monitoring, imaging techniques, other laboratory methods, histomorphology- have great importance, together with individual analysis of changes, for a better understanding of the changes and for comparability with clinical results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)