Effect of tonsillectomy and its timing on renal outcomes in Caucasian IgA nephropathy patients

Tibor Kovács, Tibor Vas, Csaba P. Kövesdy, Péter Degrell, Györgyi Nagy, Zsuzsanna Rékási, István Wittmann, Judit Nagy

Research output: Article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results: One-hundred and sixty-six patients did not undergo tonsillectomy (Group I, follow-up 130 ± 101 months) and 98 patients underwent tonsillectomy (Group II, follow-up 170 ± 124 months). The mean renal survival time was significantly longer for both end-points between those patients who underwent tonsillectomy (Group II) versus patients without tonsillectomy (Group I) (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005). The mean renal survival time was significantly longer for both end-points between those patients who had macrohaematuric episodes versus patients who had no macrohaematuric episodes (p = 0.035 and p = 0.019). Tonsillectomy, baseline eGFR and 24-h proteinuria were independent risk factors for both renal end-points.

Conclusion: Tonsillectomy may delay the progression of IgA nephropathy mainly in IgA nephropathy patients with macrohaematuria. Prospective investigation of the protective role of tonsillectomy in Caucasian patients is needed.

Purpose: The role of tonsillectomy in the treatment of IgA nephropathy in Caucasian patients is controversial.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 264 patients with biopsy-proven primary IgA nephropathy to examine the association between tonsillectomy and long-term renal survival, defined as the incidence of estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) of ≤30 ml/min/1.73 m2 or end-stage renal disease (the composite of initiation of dialysis treatment or renal transplantation). The association of tonsillectomy with renal end-points was examined using the Kaplan–Meier method and Cox models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2175-2182
Number of pages8
JournalInternational urology and nephrology
Volume46
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - okt. 25 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Urology

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