Effect of inorganic and organic tin compounds on ACh- and voltage- activated Na currents

János Györi, Olexandr Platoshyn, David O. Carpenter, J. Salánki

Research output: Article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. Inorganic tin and organotin compounds, occurring in aquatic ecosystems, are toxic and can cause behavioral abnormalities in living organisms. To determine the possible neuronal basis of these actions, the effects of both forms of Sn were studied on identified neurones of the mollusk, Lymnaea stagnalis L. 2. SnCl2 caused a dose-dependent decrease in the acetylcholine (Ach)-induced inward current. The effective threshold concentration, measured by a two microelectrode voltage clamp technique, was 0.1 μM, and the maximal effect occurred at 5 μM SnC12. The depression of the inward current was greater after a 10 min preapplication (20%) than after 3 min treatment (7%). 3. The next series of experiments compared the actions of inorganic or organic tin compounds. In whole cell clamp experiments both (CH3)2SnCl2 and (CH3)3SnC1, like inorganic Sn, decreased the amplitude of Ach-induced current. Increasing thc duration of the preapplication time resulted in an increase in the effect, but the action was not reversible. SnCl2 treatment caused a concentration-dependent alteration (initial potentiation followed by depression) of the amplitude of I(Na(V)) over the whole voltage range and slightly shifted the I-V curves to the left. In contrast, trimethyl tin decreased the amplitude of I(Na(V)) only at high concentration (100 μM). The activation time course of I(Na) was increased (τ = 0.43 ms in control and 0.55 ms in Sn), but Sn did not alter the inactivation parameters (τ = 3.43 and 3.41 ms). 4. These results support earlier findings that agonist- and voltage-activated channels are direct targets of toxic metals. We conclude that tin in both inorganic and organic forms acts at neuronal membranes to modulate synaptic transmission through direct actions on agonist-activated ion channels, and suggest that these actions may be the basis of the altered behavior of animals in tin-polluted environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-604
Number of pages14
JournalCellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Tin Compounds
Tin
Poisons
Induced currents
Clamping devices
Acetylcholine
Electric potential
Organotin Compounds
Lymnaea
Animal Behavior
Aquatic ecosystems
Mollusca
Microelectrodes
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Ion Channels
Synaptic Transmission
Neurons
Ecosystem
Animals
Metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Effect of inorganic and organic tin compounds on ACh- and voltage- activated Na currents. / Györi, János; Platoshyn, Olexandr; Carpenter, David O.; Salánki, J.

In: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2000, p. 591-604.

Research output: Article

Györi, János ; Platoshyn, Olexandr ; Carpenter, David O. ; Salánki, J. / Effect of inorganic and organic tin compounds on ACh- and voltage- activated Na currents. In: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology. 2000 ; Vol. 20, No. 5. pp. 591-604.
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N2 - 1. Inorganic tin and organotin compounds, occurring in aquatic ecosystems, are toxic and can cause behavioral abnormalities in living organisms. To determine the possible neuronal basis of these actions, the effects of both forms of Sn were studied on identified neurones of the mollusk, Lymnaea stagnalis L. 2. SnCl2 caused a dose-dependent decrease in the acetylcholine (Ach)-induced inward current. The effective threshold concentration, measured by a two microelectrode voltage clamp technique, was 0.1 μM, and the maximal effect occurred at 5 μM SnC12. The depression of the inward current was greater after a 10 min preapplication (20%) than after 3 min treatment (7%). 3. The next series of experiments compared the actions of inorganic or organic tin compounds. In whole cell clamp experiments both (CH3)2SnCl2 and (CH3)3SnC1, like inorganic Sn, decreased the amplitude of Ach-induced current. Increasing thc duration of the preapplication time resulted in an increase in the effect, but the action was not reversible. SnCl2 treatment caused a concentration-dependent alteration (initial potentiation followed by depression) of the amplitude of I(Na(V)) over the whole voltage range and slightly shifted the I-V curves to the left. In contrast, trimethyl tin decreased the amplitude of I(Na(V)) only at high concentration (100 μM). The activation time course of I(Na) was increased (τ = 0.43 ms in control and 0.55 ms in Sn), but Sn did not alter the inactivation parameters (τ = 3.43 and 3.41 ms). 4. These results support earlier findings that agonist- and voltage-activated channels are direct targets of toxic metals. We conclude that tin in both inorganic and organic forms acts at neuronal membranes to modulate synaptic transmission through direct actions on agonist-activated ion channels, and suggest that these actions may be the basis of the altered behavior of animals in tin-polluted environments.

AB - 1. Inorganic tin and organotin compounds, occurring in aquatic ecosystems, are toxic and can cause behavioral abnormalities in living organisms. To determine the possible neuronal basis of these actions, the effects of both forms of Sn were studied on identified neurones of the mollusk, Lymnaea stagnalis L. 2. SnCl2 caused a dose-dependent decrease in the acetylcholine (Ach)-induced inward current. The effective threshold concentration, measured by a two microelectrode voltage clamp technique, was 0.1 μM, and the maximal effect occurred at 5 μM SnC12. The depression of the inward current was greater after a 10 min preapplication (20%) than after 3 min treatment (7%). 3. The next series of experiments compared the actions of inorganic or organic tin compounds. In whole cell clamp experiments both (CH3)2SnCl2 and (CH3)3SnC1, like inorganic Sn, decreased the amplitude of Ach-induced current. Increasing thc duration of the preapplication time resulted in an increase in the effect, but the action was not reversible. SnCl2 treatment caused a concentration-dependent alteration (initial potentiation followed by depression) of the amplitude of I(Na(V)) over the whole voltage range and slightly shifted the I-V curves to the left. In contrast, trimethyl tin decreased the amplitude of I(Na(V)) only at high concentration (100 μM). The activation time course of I(Na) was increased (τ = 0.43 ms in control and 0.55 ms in Sn), but Sn did not alter the inactivation parameters (τ = 3.43 and 3.41 ms). 4. These results support earlier findings that agonist- and voltage-activated channels are direct targets of toxic metals. We conclude that tin in both inorganic and organic forms acts at neuronal membranes to modulate synaptic transmission through direct actions on agonist-activated ion channels, and suggest that these actions may be the basis of the altered behavior of animals in tin-polluted environments.

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