Effect of hemicholinium-3 on the release and net synthesis of acetylcholine in Auerbach's plexus of guinea pig ileum

G. T. Somogyi, E. S. Vizi, J. Knoll

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The amount of acetylcholine released from innervated longitudinal muscle of the guinea-pig ileum evoked by continuous high frequency stimulation reached a peak value of 952.3 pmol · g-1 followed by a gradual decrease and formation of a new equilibrium state (568.4 pmol · g-1· min-1), which probably corresponded to the rate of synthesis. Hemicholinium-3 at a concentration of 10-6m did not inhibit the instantaneous release of acetylcholine neither from the stimulated nor from the non-stimulated organ, but completely prevented the establishment of a new equilibrium state. Although 50-70% of the acetylcholine content was still present in the tissues treated with hemicholinium-3, both the stimulation-induced and resting release was abolished. It is concluded that this part of the acetylcholine content is not available for release. When calculating the net synthesis of acetylcholine in hemicholinium-3 treated organs, 37.1 nmol · g-1 acetylcholine was missing, i.e. the synthesis was not only blocked but decomposition of acetylcholine occurred. The amount of decomposed ('lost') acetylcholine was identical both in stimulated and non-stimulated strips. It is suggested that backward reaction of choline acetyltransferase is responsible for this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-796
Number of pages6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - okt. 1977


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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