Kommunális szennyvíziszap, illetve vágó hídi hulladék komposzt hatása a talajra és a növényre szabadföldi kísérletben

I. Kádár, F. Petróczki, V. Hámori, B. Morvai

Research output: Article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A small-plot field experiment was set up in spring 2000 on chernozem brown forest soil in Sopronhorpács, which was treated with urban sewage sludge from osonmagyaróvár (Moson sludge) and slaughterhouse waste compost (ATEV compost). The ploughed soil layer contained less than 1% CaCO 3, had pH(H 2O) 7.8, pH(KCl) 7.0, upper limit of plasticity according to Arany (K A) 40-42, 2.5% humus, and NH 4 -N, NO 3 - N, AL-P 2O 5 and AL-K 2O contents of 10, 6-9, 120-160 and 247-276 mg/kg, respectively. The humus-rich loamy soil was moderately/satisfactorily supplied with phosphorus, and had good supplies of potassium and moderate N-supplying capacity. The two types of organic fertilizer were tested in separate experiments in quantities of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 t/ha fresh mass, applied in early March 2000 and then ploughed into the soil. In each experiment there were five application levels, each in four replications, giving a total of 20 plots, each measuring 40 m 2, arranged in a random block design. Sugar beet (cv. Gina) was grown in 2000 and spring barley (cv. Jubilant) in the following year. The usual agronomic practices were applied in the experiment. The main results were as follows: - Calculations showed that the maximum N load caused by the organic manures was as high as around 1500 kg/ha. The yield and quality of sugar beet was influenced decisively by the available N quantity, provided the PK supplies satisfied crop needs. - In response to the highest rate (200 t/ha) of fresh organic manure a root yield surplus of around 20 t/ha was formed and no yield depression was noted. However, the decline in the purity quotient, digestion and pure sugar % was indicative of excessive N supplies. This was accompanied by an increase in the quantity of undesirable K, Na and α-amino N in the roots, especially in the case of urban sewage sludge. - The lower organic matter mass of urban sewage sludge caused a greater deterioration in beet quality. The maximum crude and pure sugar yields were obtained with a rate of 25 t/ha. Slaughterhouse compost added more than three times as much organic matter to the soil, and this had a high content of slowly decomposing CaCO 3 but a lower content of nitrogen. The maximum yield of crude and pure sugar was associated with the highest rate (200 t/ha). This suggests that slaughterhouse compost represents a slowacting N source. - The yield of spring barley, grown in the second year, was not modified by the after- effect of organic manuring, probably due to the unfavourable rainfall conditions. The vegetative period was dry, while there was a wet period during ripening. Unfortunately the experiment was not continued. - Increasing rates of urban sewage sludge led to a rise in the cc. HNO 3 +cc. H 2O 2 - soluble "total" P, S and Cu contents of the ploughed layer, while the slaughterhouse compost resulted in significantly higher contents of Ca, P, S, Na and Sr, due to its composition. - The concentrations of NH 4 -acetate+EDTA-soluble elements were more markedly modified in the topsoil. Both types of organic manure increased the quantities of K, P, Fe, S and Zn in the ploughed layer. The Mo content of the soil was doubled by sewage sludge application, while it dropped to around half as the result of compost application, compared to the unfertilized control. In response to the large quantity of organic matter added with the compost manure (52 t/ha), there was also a decline in the soluble contents of Mn, Al, Pb, Ni, Co and Cd. - The sewage sludge increased the "total" salt, organic C and humus % of the soil and also the NH 4 -N and NO 3 -N quantities in the 1 st year, after the sugar beet harvest. The total N % was significantly increased by higher compost rates. Changes could also be detected in the humus quality of the treated soils, with a reduction in the humification index.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)121-136
Number of pages16
JournalAgrokemia es Talajtan
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - jún. 2009

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slaughterhouse wastes
sewage sludge
field crops
compost
composts
crop
humus
sugar beet
manure
soil
slaughterhouses
animal manures
soil organic matter
spring barley
sugar
sugars
organic matter
barley
organic salts
experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Kommunális szennyvíziszap, illetve vágó hídi hulladék komposzt hatása a talajra és a növényre szabadföldi kísérletben. / Kádár, I.; Petróczki, F.; Hámori, V.; Morvai, B.

In: Agrokemia es Talajtan, Vol. 58, No. 1, 06.2009, p. 121-136.

Research output: Article

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title = "Kommun{\'a}lis szennyv{\'i}ziszap, illetve v{\'a}g{\'o} h{\'i}di hullad{\'e}k komposzt hat{\'a}sa a talajra {\'e}s a n{\"o}v{\'e}nyre szabadf{\"o}ldi k{\'i}s{\'e}rletben",
abstract = "A small-plot field experiment was set up in spring 2000 on chernozem brown forest soil in Sopronhorp{\'a}cs, which was treated with urban sewage sludge from osonmagyar{\'o}v{\'a}r (Moson sludge) and slaughterhouse waste compost (ATEV compost). The ploughed soil layer contained less than 1{\%} CaCO 3, had pH(H 2O) 7.8, pH(KCl) 7.0, upper limit of plasticity according to Arany (K A) 40-42, 2.5{\%} humus, and NH 4 -N, NO 3 - N, AL-P 2O 5 and AL-K 2O contents of 10, 6-9, 120-160 and 247-276 mg/kg, respectively. The humus-rich loamy soil was moderately/satisfactorily supplied with phosphorus, and had good supplies of potassium and moderate N-supplying capacity. The two types of organic fertilizer were tested in separate experiments in quantities of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 t/ha fresh mass, applied in early March 2000 and then ploughed into the soil. In each experiment there were five application levels, each in four replications, giving a total of 20 plots, each measuring 40 m 2, arranged in a random block design. Sugar beet (cv. Gina) was grown in 2000 and spring barley (cv. Jubilant) in the following year. The usual agronomic practices were applied in the experiment. The main results were as follows: - Calculations showed that the maximum N load caused by the organic manures was as high as around 1500 kg/ha. The yield and quality of sugar beet was influenced decisively by the available N quantity, provided the PK supplies satisfied crop needs. - In response to the highest rate (200 t/ha) of fresh organic manure a root yield surplus of around 20 t/ha was formed and no yield depression was noted. However, the decline in the purity quotient, digestion and pure sugar {\%} was indicative of excessive N supplies. This was accompanied by an increase in the quantity of undesirable K, Na and α-amino N in the roots, especially in the case of urban sewage sludge. - The lower organic matter mass of urban sewage sludge caused a greater deterioration in beet quality. The maximum crude and pure sugar yields were obtained with a rate of 25 t/ha. Slaughterhouse compost added more than three times as much organic matter to the soil, and this had a high content of slowly decomposing CaCO 3 but a lower content of nitrogen. The maximum yield of crude and pure sugar was associated with the highest rate (200 t/ha). This suggests that slaughterhouse compost represents a slowacting N source. - The yield of spring barley, grown in the second year, was not modified by the after- effect of organic manuring, probably due to the unfavourable rainfall conditions. The vegetative period was dry, while there was a wet period during ripening. Unfortunately the experiment was not continued. - Increasing rates of urban sewage sludge led to a rise in the cc. HNO 3 +cc. H 2O 2 - soluble {"}total{"} P, S and Cu contents of the ploughed layer, while the slaughterhouse compost resulted in significantly higher contents of Ca, P, S, Na and Sr, due to its composition. - The concentrations of NH 4 -acetate+EDTA-soluble elements were more markedly modified in the topsoil. Both types of organic manure increased the quantities of K, P, Fe, S and Zn in the ploughed layer. The Mo content of the soil was doubled by sewage sludge application, while it dropped to around half as the result of compost application, compared to the unfertilized control. In response to the large quantity of organic matter added with the compost manure (52 t/ha), there was also a decline in the soluble contents of Mn, Al, Pb, Ni, Co and Cd. - The sewage sludge increased the {"}total{"} salt, organic C and humus {\%} of the soil and also the NH 4 -N and NO 3 -N quantities in the 1 st year, after the sugar beet harvest. The total N {\%} was significantly increased by higher compost rates. Changes could also be detected in the humus quality of the treated soils, with a reduction in the humification index.",
author = "I. K{\'a}d{\'a}r and F. Petr{\'o}czki and V. H{\'a}mori and B. Morvai",
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T1 - Kommunális szennyvíziszap, illetve vágó hídi hulladék komposzt hatása a talajra és a növényre szabadföldi kísérletben

AU - Kádár, I.

AU - Petróczki, F.

AU - Hámori, V.

AU - Morvai, B.

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N2 - A small-plot field experiment was set up in spring 2000 on chernozem brown forest soil in Sopronhorpács, which was treated with urban sewage sludge from osonmagyaróvár (Moson sludge) and slaughterhouse waste compost (ATEV compost). The ploughed soil layer contained less than 1% CaCO 3, had pH(H 2O) 7.8, pH(KCl) 7.0, upper limit of plasticity according to Arany (K A) 40-42, 2.5% humus, and NH 4 -N, NO 3 - N, AL-P 2O 5 and AL-K 2O contents of 10, 6-9, 120-160 and 247-276 mg/kg, respectively. The humus-rich loamy soil was moderately/satisfactorily supplied with phosphorus, and had good supplies of potassium and moderate N-supplying capacity. The two types of organic fertilizer were tested in separate experiments in quantities of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 t/ha fresh mass, applied in early March 2000 and then ploughed into the soil. In each experiment there were five application levels, each in four replications, giving a total of 20 plots, each measuring 40 m 2, arranged in a random block design. Sugar beet (cv. Gina) was grown in 2000 and spring barley (cv. Jubilant) in the following year. The usual agronomic practices were applied in the experiment. The main results were as follows: - Calculations showed that the maximum N load caused by the organic manures was as high as around 1500 kg/ha. The yield and quality of sugar beet was influenced decisively by the available N quantity, provided the PK supplies satisfied crop needs. - In response to the highest rate (200 t/ha) of fresh organic manure a root yield surplus of around 20 t/ha was formed and no yield depression was noted. However, the decline in the purity quotient, digestion and pure sugar % was indicative of excessive N supplies. This was accompanied by an increase in the quantity of undesirable K, Na and α-amino N in the roots, especially in the case of urban sewage sludge. - The lower organic matter mass of urban sewage sludge caused a greater deterioration in beet quality. The maximum crude and pure sugar yields were obtained with a rate of 25 t/ha. Slaughterhouse compost added more than three times as much organic matter to the soil, and this had a high content of slowly decomposing CaCO 3 but a lower content of nitrogen. The maximum yield of crude and pure sugar was associated with the highest rate (200 t/ha). This suggests that slaughterhouse compost represents a slowacting N source. - The yield of spring barley, grown in the second year, was not modified by the after- effect of organic manuring, probably due to the unfavourable rainfall conditions. The vegetative period was dry, while there was a wet period during ripening. Unfortunately the experiment was not continued. - Increasing rates of urban sewage sludge led to a rise in the cc. HNO 3 +cc. H 2O 2 - soluble "total" P, S and Cu contents of the ploughed layer, while the slaughterhouse compost resulted in significantly higher contents of Ca, P, S, Na and Sr, due to its composition. - The concentrations of NH 4 -acetate+EDTA-soluble elements were more markedly modified in the topsoil. Both types of organic manure increased the quantities of K, P, Fe, S and Zn in the ploughed layer. The Mo content of the soil was doubled by sewage sludge application, while it dropped to around half as the result of compost application, compared to the unfertilized control. In response to the large quantity of organic matter added with the compost manure (52 t/ha), there was also a decline in the soluble contents of Mn, Al, Pb, Ni, Co and Cd. - The sewage sludge increased the "total" salt, organic C and humus % of the soil and also the NH 4 -N and NO 3 -N quantities in the 1 st year, after the sugar beet harvest. The total N % was significantly increased by higher compost rates. Changes could also be detected in the humus quality of the treated soils, with a reduction in the humification index.

AB - A small-plot field experiment was set up in spring 2000 on chernozem brown forest soil in Sopronhorpács, which was treated with urban sewage sludge from osonmagyaróvár (Moson sludge) and slaughterhouse waste compost (ATEV compost). The ploughed soil layer contained less than 1% CaCO 3, had pH(H 2O) 7.8, pH(KCl) 7.0, upper limit of plasticity according to Arany (K A) 40-42, 2.5% humus, and NH 4 -N, NO 3 - N, AL-P 2O 5 and AL-K 2O contents of 10, 6-9, 120-160 and 247-276 mg/kg, respectively. The humus-rich loamy soil was moderately/satisfactorily supplied with phosphorus, and had good supplies of potassium and moderate N-supplying capacity. The two types of organic fertilizer were tested in separate experiments in quantities of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 t/ha fresh mass, applied in early March 2000 and then ploughed into the soil. In each experiment there were five application levels, each in four replications, giving a total of 20 plots, each measuring 40 m 2, arranged in a random block design. Sugar beet (cv. Gina) was grown in 2000 and spring barley (cv. Jubilant) in the following year. The usual agronomic practices were applied in the experiment. The main results were as follows: - Calculations showed that the maximum N load caused by the organic manures was as high as around 1500 kg/ha. The yield and quality of sugar beet was influenced decisively by the available N quantity, provided the PK supplies satisfied crop needs. - In response to the highest rate (200 t/ha) of fresh organic manure a root yield surplus of around 20 t/ha was formed and no yield depression was noted. However, the decline in the purity quotient, digestion and pure sugar % was indicative of excessive N supplies. This was accompanied by an increase in the quantity of undesirable K, Na and α-amino N in the roots, especially in the case of urban sewage sludge. - The lower organic matter mass of urban sewage sludge caused a greater deterioration in beet quality. The maximum crude and pure sugar yields were obtained with a rate of 25 t/ha. Slaughterhouse compost added more than three times as much organic matter to the soil, and this had a high content of slowly decomposing CaCO 3 but a lower content of nitrogen. The maximum yield of crude and pure sugar was associated with the highest rate (200 t/ha). This suggests that slaughterhouse compost represents a slowacting N source. - The yield of spring barley, grown in the second year, was not modified by the after- effect of organic manuring, probably due to the unfavourable rainfall conditions. The vegetative period was dry, while there was a wet period during ripening. Unfortunately the experiment was not continued. - Increasing rates of urban sewage sludge led to a rise in the cc. HNO 3 +cc. H 2O 2 - soluble "total" P, S and Cu contents of the ploughed layer, while the slaughterhouse compost resulted in significantly higher contents of Ca, P, S, Na and Sr, due to its composition. - The concentrations of NH 4 -acetate+EDTA-soluble elements were more markedly modified in the topsoil. Both types of organic manure increased the quantities of K, P, Fe, S and Zn in the ploughed layer. The Mo content of the soil was doubled by sewage sludge application, while it dropped to around half as the result of compost application, compared to the unfertilized control. In response to the large quantity of organic matter added with the compost manure (52 t/ha), there was also a decline in the soluble contents of Mn, Al, Pb, Ni, Co and Cd. - The sewage sludge increased the "total" salt, organic C and humus % of the soil and also the NH 4 -N and NO 3 -N quantities in the 1 st year, after the sugar beet harvest. The total N % was significantly increased by higher compost rates. Changes could also be detected in the humus quality of the treated soils, with a reduction in the humification index.

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