The effect of acetylcholine (ACh) on the ion transport of frog (Rana esculenta) sartorius muscles was studied. ACh was applied in bathing solution, Na influx and K efflux were measured using 24Na and 42K isotopes. Na influx of sartorius muscles was increased by 1 mmol/l ACh 2-10 fold depending on the experimental arrangement. The increase was greater if Na influx was measured at the beginning of ACh depolarization. During ACh treatment, the Na influx took about the same time course as the depolarization recorded extracellularly. This type of recording approximately reflects the depolarization proceeding on the sartorius muscle fibres. The presence of 31 nmol/l tetrodotoxin (TTX) did not modify the degree of increase in Na influx. Rate coefficients for K efflux were increased 2-5 fold by ACh. The maximum rate coefficients were obtained in the first minute of ACh treatment. Increase in K loss evolves also in the presence of 31 nmol/l TTX. The increase in rate coefficients was found to be about 30% less than without TTX in the first minute of ACh action. The results indicate that in the presence of ACh the observed increase in Na influx and K efflux is brought about mainly by changes in Na and K conductance induced by ACh at the end-plates rather than by the action potentials accompanying ACh depolarization.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Acta physiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae|
|Publication status||Published - dec. 1 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas