EEG-LORETA endophenotypes of the common idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndromes

B. Clemens, S. Puskás, M. Besenyei, M. Emri, G. Opposits, S. A. Kis, K. Hollódy, A. Fogarasi, I. Kondákor, K. Füle, K. Bense, I. Fekete

Research output: Article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: We tested the hypothesis that the cortical areas with abnormal local EEG synchronization are dissimilar in the three common idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) phenotypes: IGE patients with absence seizures (ABS), juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and epilepsy with generalized tonic-clonic seizures exclusively (EGTCS). Patients and methods: Groups of unmedicated ABS, JME and EGTCS patients were investigated. Waking EEG background activity (without any epileptiform potentials) was analyzed by a source localization method, LORETA (Low Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography). Each patient group was compared to a separate, age-matched group of healthy control persons. Voxel-based, normalized broad-band (delta, theta, alpha, and beta) and very narrow band (VNB, 1Hz bandwidth, from 1 to 25Hz) LORETA activity (=current source density, A/m2) were computed for each person. Group comparison included subtraction (average patient data minus average control data) and group statistics (multiple t-tests, where Bonferroni-corrected p<0.05 values were accepted as statistically significant). Results: Statistically not significant main findings were: overall increased delta and theta broad band activity in the ABS and JME groups; decrease of alpha and beta activity in the EGTCS group. Statistically significant main findings were as follows. JME group: bilaterally increased theta activity in posterior (temporal, parietal, and occipital) cortical areas; bilaterally increased activity in the medial and basal prefrontal area in the 8. Hz VNB; bilaterally decreased activity in the precuneus, posterior cingulate and superior parietal lobule in the 11. Hz and 21-22. Hz VNBs. ABS group: bilaterally increased theta activity emerged in the basal prefrontal and medial temporal limbic areas. Decreased activity was found at 19-21. Hz in the right postcentral gyrus and parts of the right superior and medial temporal gyri. EGTCS group: decreased activity was found in the frontal cortex and the postcentral gyrus at 10-11. Hz, increased activity in the right parahippocampal gyrus at 16-18. Hz. Discussion: Increased theta activity in the posterior parts of the cortex is the endophenotype for JME. Increased theta activity in the fronto-temporal limbic areas is the endophenotype for ABS. Statistically not significant findings might indicate diffuse biochemical abnormality of the cortex in JME and ABS. Significance: EEG-LORETA endophenotypes may correspond to the selective propensity to generate absence and myoclonic seizures in the ABS and JME syndromes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-292
Number of pages12
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - máj. 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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