We investigated the systemic hemodynamic effects and the early arteriovenous acid-base changes after 2-h tourniquet ischemia on left hind limb in rats during the first hour of reperfusion. The right femoral artery and vein were prepared and catheterized for direct blood pressure monitoring and blood sampling. In ischemia-reperfusion group, 5 min before releasing the tourniquet and during the first hour of the reperfusion (5′, 10′, 15′, 30′, 45′, and 60′), arterial and venous blood samples were taken in parallel with a sham operated control group. In the ischemia-reperfusion group venous pH continuously decreased during reperfusion and was significantly lower compared to control and base in the 60th min, while arterial pH remained almost unchanged. PCO2 and pO2 showed moderate signs of a parallel respiratory compensation. Mean arterial pressure decreased almost by 20%, heart rate slightly increased during reperfusion. Our data indicates that besides the general effects anesthesia, limb ischemia-reperfusion results in hemodynamic and acid-base changes during the first hour of reperfusion.
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