Duplications and losses of genes encoding known elements of the stress defence system of the Aspergilli contribute to the evolution of these filamentous fungi but do not directly influence their environmental stress tolerance

T. Emri, K. Antal, R. Riley, Z. Karányi, M. Miskei, E. Orosz, S. E. Baker, A. Wiebenga, R. P. de Vries, I. Pócsi

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The contribution of stress protein duplication and deletion events to the evolution of the Aspergilli was studied. We performed a large-scale homology analysis of stress proteins and generated and analysed three stress defence system models based on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Aspergillus nidulans. Although both yeast-based and A. nidulans-based models were suitable to trace evolutionary changes, the A. nidulans-based model performed better in mapping stress protein radiations. The strong Mantel correlation found between the positions of species in the phylogenetic tree on the one hand and either in the A. nidulans-based or S. cerevisiae-based models on the other hand demonstrated that stress protein expansions and reductions contributed significantly to the evolution of the Aspergilli. Interestingly, stress tolerance attributes correlated well with the number of orthologs only for a few stress proteins. Notable examples are Ftr1 iron permease and Fet3 ferro-O2-oxidoreductase, elements of the reductive iron assimilation pathway, in the S. cerevisiae-based model, as well as MpkC, a HogA-like mitogen activated protein kinase in the A. nidulans-based model. In the case of the iron assimilation proteins, the number of orthologs showed a positive correlation with H2O2-induced stress tolerance while the number of MpkC orthologs correlated positively with Congo Red induced cell wall stress, sorbitol induced osmotic stress and H2O2 induced oxidative stress tolerances. For most stress proteins, changes in the number of orthologs did not correlate well with any stress tolerance attributes. As a consequence, stress tolerance patterns of the studied Aspergilli did not correlate with either the sets of stress response proteins in general or with the phylogeny of the species studied. These observations suggest that stress protein duplication and deletion events significantly contributed to the evolution of stress tolerance attributes of Aspergilli. In contrast, there are other processes, which may counterbalance the effects of stress gene duplications or deletions including (i) alterations in the structures of stress proteins leading to changes in their biological activities, (ii) varying biosynthesis of stress proteins, (iii) rewiring stress response regulatory networks or even (iv) acquiring new stress response genes by horizontal gene transfer. All these multilevel changes are indispensable for the successful adaptation of filamentous fungi to altering environmental conditions, especially when these organisms are entering new ecological niches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-36
Number of pages14
JournalStudies in Mycology
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 1 2018

Fingerprint

Gene Duplication
Aspergillus
Heat-Shock Proteins
stress tolerance
Fungi
Aspergillus nidulans
fungi
genes
proteins
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Iron
stress response
iron
assimilation (physiology)
Congo Red
Horizontal Gene Transfer
Membrane Transport Proteins
Sorbitol
Schizosaccharomyces
Osmotic Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

@article{fe6dbe5e86ec44c086f009c3a32a9b36,
title = "Duplications and losses of genes encoding known elements of the stress defence system of the Aspergilli contribute to the evolution of these filamentous fungi but do not directly influence their environmental stress tolerance",
abstract = "The contribution of stress protein duplication and deletion events to the evolution of the Aspergilli was studied. We performed a large-scale homology analysis of stress proteins and generated and analysed three stress defence system models based on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Aspergillus nidulans. Although both yeast-based and A. nidulans-based models were suitable to trace evolutionary changes, the A. nidulans-based model performed better in mapping stress protein radiations. The strong Mantel correlation found between the positions of species in the phylogenetic tree on the one hand and either in the A. nidulans-based or S. cerevisiae-based models on the other hand demonstrated that stress protein expansions and reductions contributed significantly to the evolution of the Aspergilli. Interestingly, stress tolerance attributes correlated well with the number of orthologs only for a few stress proteins. Notable examples are Ftr1 iron permease and Fet3 ferro-O2-oxidoreductase, elements of the reductive iron assimilation pathway, in the S. cerevisiae-based model, as well as MpkC, a HogA-like mitogen activated protein kinase in the A. nidulans-based model. In the case of the iron assimilation proteins, the number of orthologs showed a positive correlation with H2O2-induced stress tolerance while the number of MpkC orthologs correlated positively with Congo Red induced cell wall stress, sorbitol induced osmotic stress and H2O2 induced oxidative stress tolerances. For most stress proteins, changes in the number of orthologs did not correlate well with any stress tolerance attributes. As a consequence, stress tolerance patterns of the studied Aspergilli did not correlate with either the sets of stress response proteins in general or with the phylogeny of the species studied. These observations suggest that stress protein duplication and deletion events significantly contributed to the evolution of stress tolerance attributes of Aspergilli. In contrast, there are other processes, which may counterbalance the effects of stress gene duplications or deletions including (i) alterations in the structures of stress proteins leading to changes in their biological activities, (ii) varying biosynthesis of stress proteins, (iii) rewiring stress response regulatory networks or even (iv) acquiring new stress response genes by horizontal gene transfer. All these multilevel changes are indispensable for the successful adaptation of filamentous fungi to altering environmental conditions, especially when these organisms are entering new ecological niches.",
keywords = "Aspergillus phylogeny, Environmental stress, Evolution of the Aspergilli, Fungal stress defence system, Gene deletion, Gene duplication, Stress protein radiation",
author = "T. Emri and K. Antal and R. Riley and Z. Kar{\'a}nyi and M. Miskei and E. Orosz and Baker, {S. E.} and A. Wiebenga and {de Vries}, {R. P.} and I. P{\'o}csi",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.simyco.2018.10.003",
language = "English",
volume = "91",
pages = "23--36",
journal = "Studies in Mycology",
issn = "0166-0616",
publisher = "Centraalbureau voor Schimmelculturen",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Duplications and losses of genes encoding known elements of the stress defence system of the Aspergilli contribute to the evolution of these filamentous fungi but do not directly influence their environmental stress tolerance

AU - Emri, T.

AU - Antal, K.

AU - Riley, R.

AU - Karányi, Z.

AU - Miskei, M.

AU - Orosz, E.

AU - Baker, S. E.

AU - Wiebenga, A.

AU - de Vries, R. P.

AU - Pócsi, I.

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - The contribution of stress protein duplication and deletion events to the evolution of the Aspergilli was studied. We performed a large-scale homology analysis of stress proteins and generated and analysed three stress defence system models based on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Aspergillus nidulans. Although both yeast-based and A. nidulans-based models were suitable to trace evolutionary changes, the A. nidulans-based model performed better in mapping stress protein radiations. The strong Mantel correlation found between the positions of species in the phylogenetic tree on the one hand and either in the A. nidulans-based or S. cerevisiae-based models on the other hand demonstrated that stress protein expansions and reductions contributed significantly to the evolution of the Aspergilli. Interestingly, stress tolerance attributes correlated well with the number of orthologs only for a few stress proteins. Notable examples are Ftr1 iron permease and Fet3 ferro-O2-oxidoreductase, elements of the reductive iron assimilation pathway, in the S. cerevisiae-based model, as well as MpkC, a HogA-like mitogen activated protein kinase in the A. nidulans-based model. In the case of the iron assimilation proteins, the number of orthologs showed a positive correlation with H2O2-induced stress tolerance while the number of MpkC orthologs correlated positively with Congo Red induced cell wall stress, sorbitol induced osmotic stress and H2O2 induced oxidative stress tolerances. For most stress proteins, changes in the number of orthologs did not correlate well with any stress tolerance attributes. As a consequence, stress tolerance patterns of the studied Aspergilli did not correlate with either the sets of stress response proteins in general or with the phylogeny of the species studied. These observations suggest that stress protein duplication and deletion events significantly contributed to the evolution of stress tolerance attributes of Aspergilli. In contrast, there are other processes, which may counterbalance the effects of stress gene duplications or deletions including (i) alterations in the structures of stress proteins leading to changes in their biological activities, (ii) varying biosynthesis of stress proteins, (iii) rewiring stress response regulatory networks or even (iv) acquiring new stress response genes by horizontal gene transfer. All these multilevel changes are indispensable for the successful adaptation of filamentous fungi to altering environmental conditions, especially when these organisms are entering new ecological niches.

AB - The contribution of stress protein duplication and deletion events to the evolution of the Aspergilli was studied. We performed a large-scale homology analysis of stress proteins and generated and analysed three stress defence system models based on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Aspergillus nidulans. Although both yeast-based and A. nidulans-based models were suitable to trace evolutionary changes, the A. nidulans-based model performed better in mapping stress protein radiations. The strong Mantel correlation found between the positions of species in the phylogenetic tree on the one hand and either in the A. nidulans-based or S. cerevisiae-based models on the other hand demonstrated that stress protein expansions and reductions contributed significantly to the evolution of the Aspergilli. Interestingly, stress tolerance attributes correlated well with the number of orthologs only for a few stress proteins. Notable examples are Ftr1 iron permease and Fet3 ferro-O2-oxidoreductase, elements of the reductive iron assimilation pathway, in the S. cerevisiae-based model, as well as MpkC, a HogA-like mitogen activated protein kinase in the A. nidulans-based model. In the case of the iron assimilation proteins, the number of orthologs showed a positive correlation with H2O2-induced stress tolerance while the number of MpkC orthologs correlated positively with Congo Red induced cell wall stress, sorbitol induced osmotic stress and H2O2 induced oxidative stress tolerances. For most stress proteins, changes in the number of orthologs did not correlate well with any stress tolerance attributes. As a consequence, stress tolerance patterns of the studied Aspergilli did not correlate with either the sets of stress response proteins in general or with the phylogeny of the species studied. These observations suggest that stress protein duplication and deletion events significantly contributed to the evolution of stress tolerance attributes of Aspergilli. In contrast, there are other processes, which may counterbalance the effects of stress gene duplications or deletions including (i) alterations in the structures of stress proteins leading to changes in their biological activities, (ii) varying biosynthesis of stress proteins, (iii) rewiring stress response regulatory networks or even (iv) acquiring new stress response genes by horizontal gene transfer. All these multilevel changes are indispensable for the successful adaptation of filamentous fungi to altering environmental conditions, especially when these organisms are entering new ecological niches.

KW - Aspergillus phylogeny

KW - Environmental stress

KW - Evolution of the Aspergilli

KW - Fungal stress defence system

KW - Gene deletion

KW - Gene duplication

KW - Stress protein radiation

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U2 - 10.1016/j.simyco.2018.10.003

DO - 10.1016/j.simyco.2018.10.003

M3 - Article

VL - 91

SP - 23

EP - 36

JO - Studies in Mycology

JF - Studies in Mycology

SN - 0166-0616

ER -