Drugs acting at calcium channels can influence the hypnotic-anesthetic effect of dexmedetomidine.

G. Horváth, M. Kovács, M. Szikszay, G. Benedek

Research output: Article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of chronic administration of the calcium channel antagonist verapamil on the anesthetic effects of a novel specific alpha 2-receptor agonist (dexmedetomidine) were studied in rats. It is presumed that this agonist acts on both pre- and postsynaptic alpha 2-adrenoceptors. To determine whether the central postsynaptic receptors are involved in the anesthetic interactions between these drugs, rats were treated with DSP-4 to deplete endogenous norepinephrine. Loss of the righting reflex was used to determine the presence of anesthesia and the duration of hypnosis. Chronic treatment with verapamil (1 or 5 mg/kg) significantly increased the duration of the hypnotic-anesthetic effect of dexmedetomidine. Neither acute treatment with verapamil nor the calcium channel agonist BAY K 8644 (0.5 or 1 mg/kg) influenced the dexmedetomidine-induced hypnosis after DSP-4 treatment. The results seem to support the idea that the hypnotic action of dexmedetomidine can be affected via modulation of the transmembraneous calcium movement in the central nervous system. Further, the data on catecholamine-depleted rats with DSP-4 suggest that the interactions between verapamil and dexmedetomidine may be mediated through presynaptic or homoreceptors on noradrenergic neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalActa Biochimica et Biophysica Hungarica
Volume26
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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Dexmedetomidine
Calcium Channels
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Anesthetics
Verapamil
Rats
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Hypnosis
Calcium Channel Agonists
Righting Reflex
Adrenergic Neurons
Calcium Channel Blockers
Neurology
Drug Interactions
Adrenergic Receptors
Neurons
Catecholamines
Norepinephrine
Therapeutics
Anesthesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics

Cite this

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title = "Drugs acting at calcium channels can influence the hypnotic-anesthetic effect of dexmedetomidine.",
abstract = "The effects of chronic administration of the calcium channel antagonist verapamil on the anesthetic effects of a novel specific alpha 2-receptor agonist (dexmedetomidine) were studied in rats. It is presumed that this agonist acts on both pre- and postsynaptic alpha 2-adrenoceptors. To determine whether the central postsynaptic receptors are involved in the anesthetic interactions between these drugs, rats were treated with DSP-4 to deplete endogenous norepinephrine. Loss of the righting reflex was used to determine the presence of anesthesia and the duration of hypnosis. Chronic treatment with verapamil (1 or 5 mg/kg) significantly increased the duration of the hypnotic-anesthetic effect of dexmedetomidine. Neither acute treatment with verapamil nor the calcium channel agonist BAY K 8644 (0.5 or 1 mg/kg) influenced the dexmedetomidine-induced hypnosis after DSP-4 treatment. The results seem to support the idea that the hypnotic action of dexmedetomidine can be affected via modulation of the transmembraneous calcium movement in the central nervous system. Further, the data on catecholamine-depleted rats with DSP-4 suggest that the interactions between verapamil and dexmedetomidine may be mediated through presynaptic or homoreceptors on noradrenergic neurons.",
author = "G. Horv{\'a}th and M. Kov{\'a}cs and M. Szikszay and G. Benedek",
year = "1991",
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AU - Kovács, M.

AU - Szikszay, M.

AU - Benedek, G.

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N2 - The effects of chronic administration of the calcium channel antagonist verapamil on the anesthetic effects of a novel specific alpha 2-receptor agonist (dexmedetomidine) were studied in rats. It is presumed that this agonist acts on both pre- and postsynaptic alpha 2-adrenoceptors. To determine whether the central postsynaptic receptors are involved in the anesthetic interactions between these drugs, rats were treated with DSP-4 to deplete endogenous norepinephrine. Loss of the righting reflex was used to determine the presence of anesthesia and the duration of hypnosis. Chronic treatment with verapamil (1 or 5 mg/kg) significantly increased the duration of the hypnotic-anesthetic effect of dexmedetomidine. Neither acute treatment with verapamil nor the calcium channel agonist BAY K 8644 (0.5 or 1 mg/kg) influenced the dexmedetomidine-induced hypnosis after DSP-4 treatment. The results seem to support the idea that the hypnotic action of dexmedetomidine can be affected via modulation of the transmembraneous calcium movement in the central nervous system. Further, the data on catecholamine-depleted rats with DSP-4 suggest that the interactions between verapamil and dexmedetomidine may be mediated through presynaptic or homoreceptors on noradrenergic neurons.

AB - The effects of chronic administration of the calcium channel antagonist verapamil on the anesthetic effects of a novel specific alpha 2-receptor agonist (dexmedetomidine) were studied in rats. It is presumed that this agonist acts on both pre- and postsynaptic alpha 2-adrenoceptors. To determine whether the central postsynaptic receptors are involved in the anesthetic interactions between these drugs, rats were treated with DSP-4 to deplete endogenous norepinephrine. Loss of the righting reflex was used to determine the presence of anesthesia and the duration of hypnosis. Chronic treatment with verapamil (1 or 5 mg/kg) significantly increased the duration of the hypnotic-anesthetic effect of dexmedetomidine. Neither acute treatment with verapamil nor the calcium channel agonist BAY K 8644 (0.5 or 1 mg/kg) influenced the dexmedetomidine-induced hypnosis after DSP-4 treatment. The results seem to support the idea that the hypnotic action of dexmedetomidine can be affected via modulation of the transmembraneous calcium movement in the central nervous system. Further, the data on catecholamine-depleted rats with DSP-4 suggest that the interactions between verapamil and dexmedetomidine may be mediated through presynaptic or homoreceptors on noradrenergic neurons.

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