Dolomitization of shallow-water, mixed silicilastic-carbonate sequences: The Lower Triassic ramp succession of the Transdanubian Range, Hungary

Orsolya Győri, János Haas, Kinga Hips, Georgina Lukoczki, Tamás Budai, Attila Demény, Emese Szőcs

Research output: Article

Abstract

The Lower Triassic succession of the Transdanubian Range in Hungary comprises limestones, dolomite, marl, sandstones and siltstones, deposited in tidal flat, lagoon and ooid shoal environments on the marginal ramp of the western Neotethys. Seven cores were chosen for petrographic and stable isotope investigations aiming to reconstruct the paragenetic sequence with special regard to the dolomitization and hydrothermal events. Five lithotypes were differentiated: (i) dolomite, (ii) sandy, silty, clayey dolomite, and dolomarl, (iii), dolomitic siltstone and sandstone, (iv) dolomitic limestone, and (v) limestone. In these lithotypes, three types of dolomites are present: non-ferroan replacive, ferroan replacive, and ferroan cement. Fabric retentive and fabric destructive non-ferroan replacive dolomitization are interpreted to have occurred by seepage reflux. Supporting evidence includes the presence gypsum and anhydrite in the Lower Triassic beds. Stable isotope values of the ferroan dolomite (δ18O of −10.7 to −4.2‰ and δ13C of −4.8 to 4.7‰) suggest dolomitization by fluids of relatively high temperature. The similar stable isotope values (δ18O of −9.3 to −5.8‰ and δ13C of −1.9 to 2.5‰) of the non-ferroan dolomite phase suggest that the reflux dolomite was overprinted by this second dolomitization event. Traces of exotic minerals, such as barite, chalcopyrite, galena and sulphosalts were found as fillings of vugs and fractures in the dolomite-cemented sandstone. The metals could have been sourced from the underlying Permian red sandstone beds. The heterogeneous sediment composition had profound impact on the diagenesis of these sedimentary successions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105549
JournalSedimentary Geology
Volume395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - jan. 2020

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Stratigraphy

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