Tissue- and species-specific peptides of the grapefruit have been investigated by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. Five peptides from the juice and one peptide from the peel were isolated by preparative gel electrophoresis. Polyclonal antibodies were developed against them in mice. It can be established that 82, 63, and 46 kDa peptides occurred exclusively in the samples prepared from the grapefruit and the lemon juice, whereas in the orange juice, only the 82 kDa peptide could be detected. The 31 kDa peptide is characteristic for the peel samples of grapefruit and lemon. The 210 kDa peptide did not show any specificity. A 117 kDa peptide appeared in the juice and peel of grapefruit and in the peel of lemon but not in the orange. From the data of this study, it is supposed that some of the polyclonal antibodies developed against characteristic juice and peel peptides can be used to test commercial grapefruit juice products for adulteration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)