In the monitoring of Echinococcus multilocularis and Trichinella spp. in Hungary between 2002 and 2004, 502 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) were involved. E. multilocularis was detected in all northern counties of Hungary except in County Heves. The prevalence of infection was low (5-7%) in the majority of counties; however, in two counties (Gyõr-Moson-Sopron and Nógrád), the parasite seems to be hyperendemic with a prevalence of 30 and 25%. Nevertheless, human alveolar echinococcosis has not been diagnosed yet in Hungary. Trichinella britovi was noted in one south-western (Baranya) and three northeastern (Nógrád, Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) counties; however, the overall prevalence was low (<1%). While only 3 cases of Trichinella infection were noted in swine during meat inspection at slaughterhouses, 15 human cases were registered between 2000 and 2003. In addition to Hungarian data, the distribution of these parasites in Europe is also summarized, showing why echinococcosis and trichinellosis have been included in the list of zoonoses to be monitored in the countries of the European Union, according to the directive 2003/99/EC of the European Parliament and the Council on monitoring of zoonoses and zoonotic agents.
|Translated title of the contribution||Distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis and Trichinella species in Hungary and Europe - Brief report on the situation with reference to the new directives of the European Union on the monitoring of zoonoses|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - dec. 1 2005|
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