Although vanA carrying Enterococcus faecium human clinical isolates have been rarely found in Hungary before 2012, they have been detected in continuously increasing numbers since then. To identify factors associated with their dissemination, we investigated the clonal relatedness and plasmids of 30 vanA carrying E. faecium isolates originating from different Hungarian healthcare institutions from 2012 to 2014. Molecular typing of the isolates (n = 30) was performed with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing, Tn1546 polymerase chain reaction mapping, plasmid restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, and sequencing. A single Tn1546 variant was detected in all of the isolates. It harbored IS1251 in the vanS-vanH intergenic region, had an entire deletion of the transposase gene and a partial deletion of the resolvase gene, and was located on a pRUM-like plasmid. Based on PFGE, the isolates could be grouped into 13 pulsotypes. Representative strains of these pulsotypes belonged to ST17, ST18, ST80, ST117, and ST203, which are known to be part of the hospital-adapted clades. The increase in the number of vanA carrying E. faecium clinical isolates in Hungary could be explained by the dissemination of pRUM-like vancomycin resistance plasmids in hospital-adapted clonal lineages.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)