Diminished blood levels of reduced glutathione and α-tocopherol in two triosephosphate isomerase-deficient brothers

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The glutathione redox system and α-tocopherol, both of which are essential for maintaining the normal structure of biological membranes, some other lipid-soluble antioxidants (lycopene, β-carotene, retinol), and lipid peroxidation, were investigated in the blood from two triosephosphate isomerase (TPI)-deficient brothers. Both of the genetically identical compound heterozygote brothers have congenital hemolytic anemia, but only one of them has a neurological defect, the second cardinal symptom of TPI deficiency. Whole blood reduced glutathione levels were markedly decreased in both brothers. The glutathione reductase activities as well as the NADPH contents of their erythrocytes were in the normal range or slightly enhanced. Increased ratio of oxidized/reduced glutathione, elevated glutathione S- transferase activity, and increased d-lactate level, a metabolite of the glyoxalase pathway, were detected only in the neurologically affected propositus. The plasma carotenoids (lycopene + β-carotene), α- tocopherol/cholesterol + triglyceride ratios, and the erythrocyte α- tocopherol levels were significantly decreased in both patients. It seems conceivable that membrane alterations due to the low level of these reducing agents may contribute to the shortened life span of erythrocytes. The imbalance of the prooxidant/antioxidant homeostasis as well as the increased rate of methylglyoxal formation may also have been involved in the development of the neurological manifestations in the propositus. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalBlood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - febr. 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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