Dimensions of adult attachment are significantly associated with specific affective temperament constellations in a Hungarian university sample

Andras Lang, Barbara Papp, Xenia Gonda, Peter Dome, Zoltan Rihmer

Research output: Article

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background Related to emotion regulation and mental health, adult attachment and affective temperaments are relevant research topics of contemporary psychiatry and clinical psychology. However, to date, only one study investigated the relationship between these two constructs. Thus, we aimed to further reveal adult attachment's association with affective temperaments. Methods Affective temperament and adult attachment dimensions of 1469 Hungarian university students were assessed with self-report measures (Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego autoquestionnaire and Experiences in Close Relationships Scale, respectively). Age and measured variables were compared between genders with ANOVAs. Associations between attachment dimensions and affective temperaments were examined with Pearson's correlations and partial correlations; the moderation effect of age and gender on these relationships was tested with PROCESS macro. Using Fisher r-to-z transformation, we also compared our results with the findings of the previous study. Cohen's ds were used to report effect size and Cronbach's alphas were computed as indices of internal reliability. Results Significant correlations were found between attachment dimensions and affective temperaments. Correlations were especially robust between attachment anxiety and depressive, cyclothymic and anxious temperaments. Contrasted with the results of the previous study, hyperthymic temperament was negatively related to attachment avoidance and anxious temperament was significantly more strongly correlated with attachment anxiety in our study. Limitations We used a previous version of the adult attachment measure. Our sample differed from the target sample in several ways. Participants were not screened for mental disorders. Conclusions Findings highlight that adult attachment dimensions are significantly associated with affective temperaments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-81
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of affective disorders
Publication statusPublished - febr. 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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