Differential effects of cold, osmotic stress and abscisic acid on polyamine accumulation in wheat

Zita Kovács, Livia Simon-Sarkadi, Attila Szucs, Gábor Kocsy

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Abstract

The effects of cold, osmotic stress and abscisic acid (ABA) on polyamine accumulation were compared in the moderately freezing-sensitive wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) variety Chinese Spring (CS) and in two derived chromosome 5A substitution lines, CS(T. spelta 5A) and CS(Cheyenne 5A), exhibiting lower and higher levels of freezing tolerance, respectively. When compared with the other treatments, putrescine (Put) and spermidine (Spd) levels were much greater after cold treatment, spermine (Spm) following polyethylene glycol-induced (PEG) osmotic stress and Spm and cadaverine (Cad) after ABA treatment. During 3-week cold stress, the Put concentration, first exhibited a transient increase and decrease, and then gradually increased. These alterations may be due to changes in the expression of genes encoding the enzymes of Put synthesis. The Put content was higher in the freezing-tolerant chromosome 5A substitution line than in the sensitive one after 3 weeks of cold. In contrast to cold, ABA and PEG induced a continuous decrease in the Spd level when applied for a period of 3 weeks. The Spm content, which increased after PEG and ABA addition, was twice as high as that of Put during ABA treatment at most sampling points, but this difference was lower in the case of PEG. The Cad level, induced to a great extent by ABA, was much lower when compared with that of the other polyamines. The present experiments indicate that cold, osmotic stress and ABA have different effects on polyamines, and that some of these changes are affected by chromosome 5A and correlate with the level of stress tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-631
Number of pages9
JournalAmino Acids
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - febr. 1 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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