Serum samples of 589 haemodialysis patients were sceened for HIV antibody by ELISA methods. Of these, 36 samples were found to be repeatedly reactive. None of the 36, however, could be confirmed by competitive enzyme immunoassays and Western blot; therefore, they were considered to be false positive. The sera could be divide in two groups. The sera of Group 1 were designated as the usual type of false positivity, caused most probably by anti-lymphocyte antibodies. In 19 sera, however, a special type of false positivity was found. These sera reacted strongly with the plate coated with the supernatants of HIV-infected cells but not with those of uninfected H9 cells. Three and two sera showed, respectively, positive immunofluorescence reaction with the HIV-infected, but not with the uninfected, H9 and CEM cells. Reactivity to HIV-infected H9 cells could be adsorbed from a part of these samples with lesser amounts of HIV-infected than uninfected H9 cells. This special type of false positivity was observed frequently (7/65) in patients who rejected a kidney graft. These findings suggest that this type of anti-HIV false positivity is due to.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy