Differences in Reporting the Ragweed Pollen Season Using Google Trends across 15 Countries

Jean Bousquet, Ioana Agache, Uwe Berger, Karl Christian Bergmann, Jean Pierre Besancenot, Philippe J. Bousquet, Tom Casale, Gennaro d’Amato, Igor Kaidashev, Musa Khaitov, Ralph Mösges, K. Nékám, Gabrielle L. Onorato, Davor Plavec, Aziz Sheikh, Michel Thibaudon, Robert Vautard, Mihaela Zidarn

Research output: Article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google, which potentially reflect the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared GT terms related to ragweed pollen allergy in American and European Union countries with a known ragweed pollen season. Our aim was to assess seasonality and the terms needed to perform the GT searches and to compare these during the spring and summer pollen seasons. Methods: We examined GT queries from January 1, 2011, to January 4, 2017. We included 15 countries with a known ragweed pollen season and used the standard 5-year GT graphs. We used the GT translation for all countries and the untranslated native terms for each country. Results: The results of “pollen,” “ragweed,” and “allergy” searches differed between countries, but “ragweed” was clearly identified in 12 of the 15 countries. There was considerable heterogeneity of findings when the GT translation was used. For Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia, the GT translation was inappropriate. The country patterns of “pollen,” “hay fever,” and “allergy” differed in 8 of the 11 countries with identified “ragweed” queries during the spring and the summer, indicating that the perception of tree and grass pollen allergy differs from that of ragweed pollen. Conclusions: To investigate ragweed pollen allergy using GT, the term “ragweed” as a plant is required and the translation of “ragweed” in the native language needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - máj. 9 2018

Fingerprint

Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis
Ambrosia
Pollen
Slovenia
Serbia
Romania
Croatia
Hungary
European Union
Poaceae
Hypersensitivity
Epidemiology
Language
ragweed pollen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Bousquet, J., Agache, I., Berger, U., Bergmann, K. C., Besancenot, J. P., Bousquet, P. J., ... Zidarn, M. (Accepted/In press). Differences in Reporting the Ragweed Pollen Season Using Google Trends across 15 Countries. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1159/000488391

Differences in Reporting the Ragweed Pollen Season Using Google Trends across 15 Countries. / Bousquet, Jean; Agache, Ioana; Berger, Uwe; Bergmann, Karl Christian; Besancenot, Jean Pierre; Bousquet, Philippe J.; Casale, Tom; d’Amato, Gennaro; Kaidashev, Igor; Khaitov, Musa; Mösges, Ralph; Nékám, K.; Onorato, Gabrielle L.; Plavec, Davor; Sheikh, Aziz; Thibaudon, Michel; Vautard, Robert; Zidarn, Mihaela.

In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 09.05.2018, p. 1-8.

Research output: Article

Bousquet, J, Agache, I, Berger, U, Bergmann, KC, Besancenot, JP, Bousquet, PJ, Casale, T, d’Amato, G, Kaidashev, I, Khaitov, M, Mösges, R, Nékám, K, Onorato, GL, Plavec, D, Sheikh, A, Thibaudon, M, Vautard, R & Zidarn, M 2018, 'Differences in Reporting the Ragweed Pollen Season Using Google Trends across 15 Countries', International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1159/000488391
Bousquet, Jean ; Agache, Ioana ; Berger, Uwe ; Bergmann, Karl Christian ; Besancenot, Jean Pierre ; Bousquet, Philippe J. ; Casale, Tom ; d’Amato, Gennaro ; Kaidashev, Igor ; Khaitov, Musa ; Mösges, Ralph ; Nékám, K. ; Onorato, Gabrielle L. ; Plavec, Davor ; Sheikh, Aziz ; Thibaudon, Michel ; Vautard, Robert ; Zidarn, Mihaela. / Differences in Reporting the Ragweed Pollen Season Using Google Trends across 15 Countries. In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. 2018 ; pp. 1-8.
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abstract = "Background: Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google, which potentially reflect the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared GT terms related to ragweed pollen allergy in American and European Union countries with a known ragweed pollen season. Our aim was to assess seasonality and the terms needed to perform the GT searches and to compare these during the spring and summer pollen seasons. Methods: We examined GT queries from January 1, 2011, to January 4, 2017. We included 15 countries with a known ragweed pollen season and used the standard 5-year GT graphs. We used the GT translation for all countries and the untranslated native terms for each country. Results: The results of “pollen,” “ragweed,” and “allergy” searches differed between countries, but “ragweed” was clearly identified in 12 of the 15 countries. There was considerable heterogeneity of findings when the GT translation was used. For Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia, the GT translation was inappropriate. The country patterns of “pollen,” “hay fever,” and “allergy” differed in 8 of the 11 countries with identified “ragweed” queries during the spring and the summer, indicating that the perception of tree and grass pollen allergy differs from that of ragweed pollen. Conclusions: To investigate ragweed pollen allergy using GT, the term “ragweed” as a plant is required and the translation of “ragweed” in the native language needed.",
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AU - Bousquet, Philippe J.

AU - Casale, Tom

AU - d’Amato, Gennaro

AU - Kaidashev, Igor

AU - Khaitov, Musa

AU - Mösges, Ralph

AU - Nékám, K.

AU - Onorato, Gabrielle L.

AU - Plavec, Davor

AU - Sheikh, Aziz

AU - Thibaudon, Michel

AU - Vautard, Robert

AU - Zidarn, Mihaela

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N2 - Background: Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google, which potentially reflect the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared GT terms related to ragweed pollen allergy in American and European Union countries with a known ragweed pollen season. Our aim was to assess seasonality and the terms needed to perform the GT searches and to compare these during the spring and summer pollen seasons. Methods: We examined GT queries from January 1, 2011, to January 4, 2017. We included 15 countries with a known ragweed pollen season and used the standard 5-year GT graphs. We used the GT translation for all countries and the untranslated native terms for each country. Results: The results of “pollen,” “ragweed,” and “allergy” searches differed between countries, but “ragweed” was clearly identified in 12 of the 15 countries. There was considerable heterogeneity of findings when the GT translation was used. For Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia, the GT translation was inappropriate. The country patterns of “pollen,” “hay fever,” and “allergy” differed in 8 of the 11 countries with identified “ragweed” queries during the spring and the summer, indicating that the perception of tree and grass pollen allergy differs from that of ragweed pollen. Conclusions: To investigate ragweed pollen allergy using GT, the term “ragweed” as a plant is required and the translation of “ragweed” in the native language needed.

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