Diet composition of the golden jackal, Canis aureus in an agricultural environment

Georgi Markov, József Lanszki

Research output: Article

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diet composition of the golden jackal (Canis aureus, L.) in Bulgaria, where the largest jackal population in Europe occurs, has been studied by scat analysis in a typical and newly occupied agricultural environment. The study was carried out during late summer and early autumn, a period when small mammal density is high. The food of the jackal typically consisted of small-sized and wild-living prey species. Rodents have been found to represent the primary food of the jackal (biomass estimation: 59.3%, mainly Microtus spp.), and the European brown hare (Lepus europaeus, 20.1%) and plants (19.7%, mainly fruits) are secondary foods. Other prey, such as birds (mainly passerines), reptiles and invertebrates had been consumed in a low biomass ratio. No remains of wild ungulate and domestic animals have been detected in the studied scats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-48
Number of pages5
JournalFolia Zoologica
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - ápr. 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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