Diet composition of the golden jackal, Canis aureus in an agricultural environment

Georgi Markov, József Lanszki

Research output: Article

19 Citations (Scopus)


Diet composition of the golden jackal (Canis aureus, L.) in Bulgaria, where the largest jackal population in Europe occurs, has been studied by scat analysis in a typical and newly occupied agricultural environment. The study was carried out during late summer and early autumn, a period when small mammal density is high. The food of the jackal typically consisted of small-sized and wild-living prey species. Rodents have been found to represent the primary food of the jackal (biomass estimation: 59.3%, mainly Microtus spp.), and the European brown hare (Lepus europaeus, 20.1%) and plants (19.7%, mainly fruits) are secondary foods. Other prey, such as birds (mainly passerines), reptiles and invertebrates had been consumed in a low biomass ratio. No remains of wild ungulate and domestic animals have been detected in the studied scats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-48
Number of pages5
JournalFolia Zoologica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - ápr. 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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