Determination of total selenium content in cereals and bakery products by flow injection hydride generation graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry applying in-situ trapping on iridium-treated graphite platforms

Zsolt Ajtony, Norbert Szoboszlai, Zsuzsanna Bella, Szilvia Bolla, Pál Szakál, László Bencs

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17 Citations (Scopus)


A flow injection hydride generation graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric (FI-HG-GFAAS) method was applied to the determination of Se in Se-doped and undoped cereals and bakery products. For the purpose of doping, the soils used for the cultivation of the cereals were dosed with Se-doped foliar fertilizers. The samples were dissolved in a mixture of HNO3 and H2O2 solutions using microwave-assisted digestion. The decomposition of H2Se generated from the sample solutions and the trapping of elemental Se were performed at a temperature of 300∈°C on an Ir-pretreated integrated graphite platform of a transversally heated graphite atomizer (THGA). For release of the trapped Se within a fairly short atomization time (5∈s), an atomization temperature of 2200∈°C was observed to be optimal. The overall efficiency of hydride generation, transport and trapping was ∼86%. The upper limit of the linear dynamic range of calibration was 10∈μg∈L-1, which corresponds to 0.5∈μg∈g-1 for solid samples. Recovery of the samples spiked with SeVI solutions was found to be 93±6% on average. The relative standard deviation of the determinations was less than 8%. The limit of detection was found to be 0.06∈μg∈L-1, corresponding to 3∈ng∈g-1 for solid samples. The accuracy of the method was verified with the use of IAEA-155 (whey powder) certified reference material. End-capped THGA tubes resulted in an extension of the linear calibration range compared to that of standard THGAs. The Se content in bakery products made of undoped cereals ranged from 7.7 to 68∈ng∈g -1 (wet weight) in 18 samples, whereas the Se content of the corresponding cereals was found to be below 100∈ng∈g-1 (wet weight). The Se level of cereals grown on soils treated with Se-doped fertilizers ranged from 128 to 1046∈ng∈g-1 (wet weight), and it depended linearly on the Se concentration of the corresponding foliar fertilizer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalMicrochimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - máj. 1 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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