In B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL), clonal rearrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene provides a useful marker for the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) after treatment. To explore clinical usefulness of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of clonal IgH gene rearrangement in the detection of MRD a follow up study of 10 patients with B-cell NHL have been performed. At the time of diagnosis, tumor DNAs were PCR-amplified using sense primer specific for the heavy chain variable region (VH) and antisense primer specific for the heavy chain joining region (JH) of the IgH gene. The clonal rearrangement of IgH gene detected by PCR was used as clonal marker to determine MRD after treatment. In three cases, where clinical remission was not achieved, clonal IgH gene rearrangement was detected after the treatment. In seven cases, clinical remission was achieved after induction therapy but the PCR analysis revealed clonal IgH gene rearrangement in three of the cases. In all of the three cases, where MRD was detected by PCR, clinical relapse developed after 7-28 months of the therapy. In all cases that have relapsed, the IgH gene rearrangement was identical at the time of initial diagnosis and at the relapse. This study demonstrates that PCR analysis of clonal IgH gene rearrangement is a useful method to monitor and detect MRD before clinical relapse.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - jún. 18 2000|
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