The effects of morphine and fentanyl on plasma prolactin levels in rats have been measured. It was found that a prolonged immobilization stressful procedure for 5 h inhibited the response to morphine and fentanyl to increase prolactin secretion, but did not influence the increase in plasma prolactin caused by haloperidol. The injection of a large dose of cortisol (25 mg/kg, s.c.) also evoked an inhibition of morphine-induced prolactin release. The inhibition was maximal 24 h after the administration of the glucocorticoid. These results indicate that stress may induce prolonged alteration in endogenous opioid-mediated neuromodulation via a prolonged release of glucocorticoids.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism