Background: Cutaneous lesions are very common in neonates. Although a number of studies have reported on their incidence, very little is known about the factors that influence them. We set out to investigate a large population of neonates with the aims of achieving an overall picture of neonatal skin manifestations, and examining their relationships with various maternal, neonatal and perinatal factors. Methods: This study was conducted on neonates born at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Szeged between June 2013 and July 2015. A total of 4658 consecutive infants underwent a whole-body skin examination within the first 72 hours of extrauterine life. The official neonatal medical charts were used to collect data on the history of the participating neonates and on maternal factors. Results: 74.35% of the neonates exhibited at least one skin manifestation. The major diagnosis groups were transient, benign cutaneous lesions; vascular lesions; traumatic, iatrogenic, congenital or acquired disorders with skin injuries; pigmented lesions; and developmental abnormalities or benign skin tumours. The relationships between the skin findings and six neonatal or maternal factors were examined: gender, gestational age and birth weight of the neonates; maternal age and the number of previous pregnancies of the mothers, and mode and circumstances of the delivery. Conclusions: We found several significant correlations between the examined maternal/neonatal factors and the occurrence of birthmarks and neonatal skin disorders. Of course, further studies are required to confirm and better understand these associations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health