Aims: To establish the relationships between coronary flow reserve, cardiovascular autonomie function, and insulin resistance characterized by the homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance score in patients with normal carbohydrate metabolism according to the World Health Organization (WHO) and American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria, and with morphologically normal epicardial coronary arteries. Methods: Twenty-five patients [12 women and 13 men, mean (SD) age: 53 ± 11 years] with normal coronary angiography were enrolled into the study. Coronary flow reserve was measured during stress transoesophageal echocardiography. Autonomic dysfunction was assessed by means of five standard cardiovascular reflex tests. The fasting serum glucose and insulin levels were determined and the homeostasis assessment model insulin resistance score was calculated. Results: In patients with normal carbohydrate metabolism, negative correlations were observed between the coronary flow reserve and both the serum insulin level (r = -0.445, P = 0.026) and the homeostasis assessment model insulin resistance score (r = -0.449, P = 0.024). The systolic blood pressure response to standing also correlated with the coronary flow reserve (r = -0.519, P = 0.011). The heart rate response to deep breathing, the Valsalva ratio, the 30/15 ratio and the sustained handgrip test results were not correlated with the coronary flow reserve. Conclusions: Our data suggest the possible role of insulin resistance and early sympathetic nerve dysfunction in the development of decreased coronary flow reserve in patients without diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism