Cooperating distributed grammar systems with permitting grammars as components

Erzsebet Csuhaj-Varju, Toma S. Masopust, Gyaorgy Vaszil

Research output: Article

9 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies cooperating distributed grammar systems working in the terminal derivation mode where the components are variants of permitting grammars. It proves that although the family of permitting lan- guages is strictly included in the family of random context languages, the families of random context languages and languages generated by permitting cooperating distributed grammar systems in the above mentioned derivation mode coincide. Moreover, if the components are so-called left-permitting grammars, then co- operating distributed grammar systems in the terminal mode characterize the class of context-sensitive languages, or if erasing rules are allowed, the class of recursively enumerable languages. Descriptional complexity results are also pre- sented. It is shown that the number of permitting components can be bounded, in the case of left-permitting components with erasing rules even together with the number of nonterminals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-189
Number of pages15
JournalRomanian Journal of Information Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - dec. 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

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