The confinement mechanism is described as an interplay between classical massless longitudinal gluon fields induced by static color charges and transversal quantum fluctuations in the gluon condensate. The nonabelian field energy amounts to a linearly rising effective potential between heavy quarks and antiquarks in this case. The string tension is related to the gluon condensate strength.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics