In exploring the occurrence and mechanism of liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin (LEH)-induced complement (C) activation, we found that normal human serum contained low titers of IgG and IgM class natural antibodies with reactivity against LEH, and that the amount of vesicle-bound IgM significantly correlated with LEH-induced C consumption. IgM binding to LEH was inhibited by phosphocholine and ATP, but not by choline chloride. These data suggest that naturally occurring antibodies play a key role in LEH-induced C activation, and that a major portion of these antibodies are directed against the phosphate moiety on the phospholipid headgroups of liposome bilayers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology