Comparison of the mechanical properties of the anterior lens capsule following manual capsulorhexis and femtosecond laser capsulotomy

Gábor L. Sándor, Zoltán Kiss, Zoltán I. Bocskai, Krasimir Kolev, Ágnes I. Takács, Éva Juhász, Kinga Kránitz, Gábor Tóth, Andrea Gyenes, Imre Bojtár, Tibor Juhász, Zoltán Z. Nagy

Research output: Article

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the mechanical properties of anterior capsule openings performed with the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) technique and femtosecond laser capsulotomy (FLC) in ex vivo porcine lens capsule specimens. METHODS: Fresh porcine eyes were included in the study (CCC group, n = 50; FLC group, n = 30). The capsule openings were stretched with universal testing equipment until they ruptured. The rupture force and circumference stretching ratio were evaluated. The morphologic profile of the cut capsule edges was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: The average rupture force was higher in the CCC group (median: 155 mN; interquartile range [IQR]: 129 to 201 mN; range: 71 to 294 mN) than in the FLC group (median: 119 mN; IQR: 108 to 128 mN; range: 91 to 142 mN) (P < .01, Mann-Whitney U test). The average circumference stretching ratio in the CCC group was greater (median: 150%; IQR: 146% to 156%; range: 136% to 161%) than in the FLC group (median: 148%; IQR: 145% to 150%; range: 141% to 154%) (P = .0468, Mann-Whitney U test). When less than 71 mN, no capsular tear occurred in either group. When less than 91 mN, no capsular tear occurred in the FLC group, whereas at 91 mN, the probability of capsular tears was 9% for the CCC group. SEM examination found that the CCC group had smooth edges, whereas those of the FLC group were gently serrated. CONCLUSIONS: According to the current results in a porcine eye model, FLC had less average resistance to capsule tear than CCC, but the weakest openings were seen in the CCC group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-664
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Refractive Surgery
Volume30
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - okt. 1 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Sándor, G. L., Kiss, Z., Bocskai, Z. I., Kolev, K., Takács, Á. I., Juhász, É., Kránitz, K., Tóth, G., Gyenes, A., Bojtár, I., Juhász, T., & Nagy, Z. Z. (2014). Comparison of the mechanical properties of the anterior lens capsule following manual capsulorhexis and femtosecond laser capsulotomy. Journal of Refractive Surgery, 30(10), 660-664. https://doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20140903-08