Comparison of redox and gene expression changes during vegetative/generative transition in the crowns and leaves of chromosome 5A substitution lines of wheat under low-temperature condition

Ákos Boldizsár, Dániel Carrera, Zsolt Gulyás, Ildikó Vashegyi, Aliz Novák, Balázs Kalapos, Magda Pál, Gábor Galiba, Gábor Kocsy

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Abstract

The aim of our experiments was to investigate the effect of chromosome 5A on the thiol-dependent redox environment and on the transcription of cold- and vernalization-related genes during the vegetative/generative transition in crowns and leaves of wheat. Chinese Spring, a moderately freezing-tolerant variety, and its more and less tolerant substitution lines — [CS(Ch5A)] and [CS(Tsp5A)], respectively — with different combinations of vernalization alleles were compared. At low temperature, the amount of cystine and glutathione disulphide and the related redox potentials increased in the crowns but not in the leaves. In the crowns of the substitution lines, the concentration and redox state of thiols were different only at the vegetative and double ridge (start of the generative transition) stages. The expression of the vernalization-related VRN1 gene increased significantly during the transition both in the crowns and leaves. The transcription of the freezing tolerance-related CBF14, COR14b and COR39 genes markedly increased in both organs after 2 weeks at 4 °C when the seedlings were still in the vegetative stage. This increment was greater in CS(Ch5A) than in CS(Tsp5A). The Ch5A chromosome in CS genetic background enhanced the expression of CBF regulon even in the generative phase in crown that is the key organ for overwintering and freezing tolerance. At certain developmental stages, both the thiol and the transcript levels differed significantly in the two substitution lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Genetics
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - febr. 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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